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16 Facts About Yale University

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Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut.

The Ivy League is a collegiate athletic conference comprising sports teams from eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States.

New Haven, in the U.S. state of Connecticut, is the principal municipality in Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 862,477 in 2010.

Einstein for the Masses by Yale University

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Founded in 1701 in Saybrook Colony to train Congregationalist ministers, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States.

The Saybrook Colony was established in late 1635 at the mouth of the Connecticut River in present day Old Saybrook, Connecticut by John Winthrop, the Younger, son of John Winthrop, the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

Congregational or Congregationalist churches are Protestant churches practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs.

Yale College Class Day Exercises 2015 by Yale University

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The "Collegiate School" moved to New Haven in 1716, and shortly after was renamed Yale College in recognition of a gift from British East India Company governor Elihu Yale.

The East India Company, also known as the Honourable East India Company or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, was an English and later British joint-stock company, which was formed to pursue trade with the East Indies but ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China.

Elihu Yale was an American-born British merchant and philanthropist, President of the East India Company settlement in Fort St. George, at Madras, and a benefactor of the Collegiate School in the Colony of Connecticut, which in 1718 was renamed Yale College in his honor.

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Originally restricted to theology and sacred languages, the curriculum began to incorporate humanities and sciences by the time of the American Revolution.

The American Revolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy, overthrew the authority of Great Britain, and founded the United States of America.

A sacred language, "holy language" or liturgical language is a language that is cultivated for religious reasons by people who speak another language in their daily life.

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In the 19th century the school introduced graduate and professional instruction, awarding the first Ph.D. in the United States in 1861 and organizing as a university in 1887.

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Yale is organized into fourteen constituent schools: the original undergraduate college, the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and twelve professional schools.

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While the university is governed by the Yale Corporation, each school's faculty oversees its curriculum and degree programs.

The Yale Corporation, officially The President and Fellows of Yale College, is the governing body of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.

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In addition to a central campus in downtown New Haven, the University owns athletic facilities in western New Haven, including the Yale Bowl, a campus in West Haven, Connecticut, and forest and nature preserves throughout New England.

New England is a geographical region which comprises six states of the northeastern United States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Yale Bowl is a football stadium in New Haven, Connecticut on the border of West Haven, about 1.5 miles west of the main campus of Yale University.

Downtown New Haven is the neighborhood located in the heart of the city of New Haven, Connecticut.

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The university's assets include an endowment valued at $25.6 billion as of September 2015, the second largest of any educational institution.

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The Yale University Library, serving all constituent schools, holds more than 15 million volumes and is the third-largest academic library in the United States.

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Yale College undergraduates follow a liberal arts curriculum with departmental majors and are organized into a social system of residential colleges.

A residential college is an organisational pattern for a division of a university that places academic activity in a community setting of students and faculty, usually at a residence and with shared meals, the college having a degree of autonomy and a federated relationship with the overall university.

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Almost all faculty teach undergraduate courses, more than 2,000 of which are offered annually.

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Students compete intercollegiately as the Yale Bulldogs in the NCAA Division I Ivy League.

The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a non-profit association which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions, conferences, organizations, and individuals.

Division I is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States.

The Bulldog is a medium-sized breed of dog commonly referred to as the English Bulldog or British Bulldog.

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Yale has graduated many notable alumni, including five U.S. Presidents, 19 U.S. Supreme Court Justices, 20 living billionaires, and many heads of state.

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In addition, Yale has graduated hundreds of members of Congress and many high-level U.S. diplomats.

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52 Nobel laureates, 5 Fields Medalists, 247 Rhodes Scholars, and 119 Marshall Scholars have been affiliated with the University.

The Rhodes Scholarship, named for the British mining magnate and South African politician Cecil John Rhodes, is an international postgraduate award for students to study at the University of Oxford.

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