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16 Facts About Wimbledon, London

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Wimbledon is a district of southwest London, England, 7.1 miles south-west of the centre of London at Charing Cross, in the London Borough of Merton, south of Wandsworth, northeast of New Malden, northwest of Mitcham, west of Streatham and north of Sutton.

Charing Cross denotes the junction of Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square in central London.

New Malden is a suburb in south-west London, in the boroughs of Kingston and Merton, and is 9.4 miles from Charing Cross.

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

Wimbledon Town Centre - Jan 02 2011 by Ian Howard

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Wimbledon had a population of 68,187 in 2011 which includes the electoral wards of Abbey, Dundonald, Hillside, Trinity, Village, Raynes Park and Wimbledon Park.

Raynes Park is a residential suburb and local centre within the London Borough of Merton, situated between Wimbledon, to the east, and New Malden, to the west, in South West London.

Wimbledon Park is the name of an urban park in Wimbledon and also of the suburb south and east of the park and the Wimbledon Park tube station.

Banger Racing TV Program Wimbledon London Open 2012 Following Shane Davies by Oval Banger Videos

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It is home to the Wimbledon Tennis Championships and New Wimbledon Theatre, and contains Wimbledon Common, one of the largest areas of common land in London.

Common land is land owned collectively by a number of persons, or by one person, but over which other people have certain traditional rights, such as to allow their livestock to graze upon it, to collect firewood, or to cut turf for fuel.

Wimbledon Common is a large open space in Wimbledon, south-west London, totalling 460 hectares.

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The residential and retail area is split into two sections known as the "village" and the "town", with the High Street being the rebuilding of the original medieval village, and the "town" having first developed gradually after the building of the railway station in 1838.

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Wimbledon has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age when the hill fort on Wimbledon Common is thought to have been constructed.

The Iron Age is an archaeological era, referring to a period of time in the prehistory and protohistory of the Old World when the dominant toolmaking material was iron.

A hillfort or hill fort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage.

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In 1087 when the Domesday Book was compiled, Wimbledon was part of the manor of Mortlake.

Domesday Book is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror.

Mortlake is a suburban district of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames on the south bank of the River Thames between Kew and Barnes.

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The ownership of the manor of Wimbledon changed between various wealthy families many times during its history, and the area also attracted other wealthy families who built large houses such as Eagle House, Wimbledon Manor House and Warren House.

Wimbledon manor house; the residence of the lord of the manor, was an English country house at Wimbledon, Surrey, now part of Greater London.

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The village developed with a stable rural population coexisting alongside nobility and wealthy merchants from the city.

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In the 18th century the Dog and Fox public house became a stop on the stagecoach run from London to Portsmouth, then in 1838 the London and South Western Railway opened a station to the south east of the village at the bottom of Wimbledon hill.

Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, 70 miles south-west of London and 19 miles south-east of Southampton.

A stagecoach is a type of covered wagon used to carry passengers and goods inside.

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The location of the station shifted the focus of the town's subsequent growth away from the original village centre.

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Wimbledon had its own borough larger than its historic boundaries while still in the county of Surrey; it was absorbed into the London Borough of Merton as part of the creation of Greater London in 1965.

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Since 2005, the north and west of the Borough has been represented in Westminster by Stephen Hammond, a Conservative MP.

For the 19th-century New York politician, see Stephen H. Hammond.

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The eastern and southern of the Borough are represented by Siobhain McDonagh, a Labour MP.

Siobhain Ann McDonagh is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament for Mitcham and Morden since the 1997 general election.

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It has established minority groups; among the most prominent are British Asians, British Ghanaians, Polish and Irish people.

A minority group refers to a category of people differentiated from the social majority, those who hold the majority of positions of social power in a society, and it may be defined by law.

British Asians are persons of Asian descent who reside in the United Kingdom.

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Wimbledon, a small farming locality in New Zealand, was named after this district in the 1880s after a local resident shot a bullock from a considerable distance away.

New Zealand is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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The shot was considered by onlookers to be worthy of the rifle-shooting championships held in Wimbledon at the time.

A rifle is a firearm designed to be fired from the shoulder, with a barrel that has a helical groove or pattern of grooves cut into the barrel walls.

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