A wildlife refuge, also called a wildlife sanctuary, is a naturally occurring sanctuary, such as an island, that provides protection for species from hunting, predation or competition, it is a protected area, a geographic territory within which wildlife is protected.
Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans.
Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological and/or cultural values.
Hunting is the practice of killing or trapping any animal, or pursuing or tracking it with the intent of doing so.
The National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska by PublicResourceOrg
Such wildlife refuges are generally officially designated territories.
Oregon Wildlife Refuge Standoff Ends: Militia Surrenders ... by The Young Turks
They are created by government legislation, publicly or privately owned.
Legislation is law which has been promulgated by a legislature or other governing body or the process of making it.