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West Virginia

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West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.

The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of ‹See TfD›50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics, human impact characteristics, and the interaction of humanity and the environment.

Appalachia is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York to northern Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia.

College Football 2015-West Virginia vs. Oklahoma by sportsvideos 22

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It is bordered by Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, Ohio to the northwest, Pennsylvania to the north, and Maryland to the northeast.

Maryland is a state located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.

OU vs West Virginia 2015 by stonecoldsooner

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West Virginia is the 41st largest by area, the 38th most populous, and has the second lowest household income of the 50 United States.

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The capital and largest city is Charleston.

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West Virginia became a state following the Wheeling Conventions of 1861, in which delegates from some Unionist counties of northwestern Virginia decided to break away from Virginia during the American Civil War, although they included many secessionist counties in the new state.

The 1861 Wheeling Convention was a series of two meetings called to repeal an Ordinance of Secession from the United States of America that had been approved throughout Virginia in a referendum.

Secession is the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity, but also any organization, union or military alliance.

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West Virginia was admitted to the Union on June 20, 1863, and was a key Civil War border state.

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West Virginia was the only state to form by separating from a Confederate state, the first to separate from any state since Maine separated from Massachusetts, and was one of two states formed during the American Civil War.

Massachusetts mass-ə-CHOO-sits; officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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The Census Bureau and the Association of American Geographers classify West Virginia as part of the Southern United States.

The American Association of Geographers is a non-profit scientific and educational society aimed at advancing the understanding, study, and importance of geography and related fields.

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The northern panhandle extends adjacent to Pennsylvania and Ohio, with the West Virginia cities of Wheeling and Weirton just across the border from the Pittsburgh metropolitan area, while Bluefield is less than 70 miles from North Carolina.

Blue is the colour between violet and green on the optical spectrum of visible light.

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Huntington in the southwest is close to the states of Ohio and Kentucky, while Martinsburg and Harpers Ferry in the Eastern Panhandle region are considered part of the Washington metropolitan area, in between the states of Maryland and Virginia.

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The unique position of West Virginia means that it is often included in several geographical regions, including the Mid-Atlantic, the Upland South, and the Southeastern United States.

The terms Upper South and Upland South refer to the northern part of the Southern United States, in contrast to the Lower South or Deep South.

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It is the only state that is entirely within the area served by the Appalachian Regional Commission; the area is commonly defined as "Appalachia".

The Appalachian Regional Commission is a United States federal-state partnership that works with the people of Appalachia to create opportunities for self-sustaining economic development and improved quality of life.

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The state is noted for its mountains and rolling hills, its historically significant logging and coal mining industries, and its political and labor history.

Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.

Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.

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It is one of the most densely karstic areas in the world, making it a choice area for recreational caving and scientific research.

Karst topography is a landscape formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum.

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The karst lands contribute to much of the state's cool trout waters.

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It is also known for a wide range of outdoor recreational opportunities, including skiing, whitewater rafting, fishing, hiking, backpacking, mountain biking, and hunting.

Hiking is the preferred term, in Canada and the United States, for a long, vigorous walk, usually on trails, in the countryside, while the word walking is used for shorter, particularly urban walks.

Rafting and white water rafting are recreational outdoor activities which use an inflatable raft to navigate a river or other body of water.

Skiing is a mode of transport, recreational activity and competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.

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