Watergate was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s, following a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. in 1972 and President Richard Nixon's administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.
Richard Milhous Nixon was the 37th President of the United States who served from 1969 to 1974, when he became the only U.S. president to resign the office.
The Democratic National Committee is the formal governing body for the United States Democratic Party.
Watergate Scandal -The Conspiracy Crumbles Part.2 by Documentary Globe
When the conspiracy was discovered and investigated by the U.S. Congress, the Nixon administration's resistance to its probes led to a constitutional crisis.
A constitutional crisis is a situation that a legal system's constitution or other basic principles of operation appear unable to resolve; it often results in a breakdown in the orderly operation of government.
Watergate Scandal -A Third Rate Burglary Part.1 by Documentary Globe
The term Watergate has come to encompass an array of clandestine and often illegal activities undertaken by members of the Nixon administration.
Those activities included such "dirty tricks" as bugging the offices of political opponents and people of whom Nixon or his officials were suspicious.
Nixon and his close aides apparently ordered investigation of activist groups and political figures, using the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Central Intelligence Agency, and the Internal Revenue Service.
The Central Intelligence Agency is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, which simultaneously serves as the nation's prime federal law enforcement agency.
The scandal led to the discovery of multiple abuses of power by the Nixon administration, articles of impeachment, and the resignation of Nixon.
The scandal also resulted in the indictment of 69 people, with trials or pleas resulting in 48 being found guilty, many of whom were Nixon's top administration officials.
In legal terms, a plea is simply an answer to a claim made by someone in a criminal case under common law using the adversarial system.
The affair began with the arrest of five men for breaking and entering into the DNC headquarters at the Watergate complex on Saturday, June 17, 1972.
The FBI investigated and discovered a connection between cash found on the burglars and a slush fund used by the Committee for the Re-Election of the President, the official organization of Nixon's campaign.
The Committee for the Re-Election of the President, abbreviated CRP, but often mocked by the acronym CREEP, was a fundraising organization of United States President Richard Nixon's administration.
A slush fund, colloquially, is an auxiliary monetary account or a reserve fund.
In July 1973, evidence mounted against the President's staff, including testimony provided by former staff members in an investigation conducted by the Senate Watergate Committee.
The Senate Watergate Committee was a special committee convened by the United States Senate to investigate the Watergate scandal after it was learned that in 1972, the Watergate burglars had been directed to break into and wiretap the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee by the Committee to Re-Elect the President, President Richard Nixon's re-election campaign fund raising organization.
The investigation revealed that President Nixon had a tape-recording system in his offices and that he had recorded many conversations.
After a protracted series of bitter court battles, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that the president was obligated to release the tapes to government investigators, and he eventually complied.
These audio recordings implicated the president, revealing he had attempted to cover up activities that took place after the break-in and to use federal officials to deflect the investigation.
Facing near-certain impeachment in the House of Representatives and equally certain conviction by the Senate, Nixon resigned the presidency on August 9, 1974.
On September 8, 1974, his successor, Gerald Ford, pardoned him.
A pardon is a government decision to allow a person who has been convicted of a crime, to be free and absolved of that conviction, as if never convicted.
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. was an American politician who served as the 38th President of the United States from 1974 to 1977.
The name "Watergate" and the suffix "-gate" have since become synonymous with political scandals in the United States and elsewhere.
In linguistics, a suffix is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.