The Vice President of the United States is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the Federal government as President of the Senate under Article One, Section Three, Paragraph Four of the United States Constitution.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The President of the United States is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
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The vice president is a statutory member of the National Security Council under the National Security Act of 1947 and under Amendment XXV, Clause One of the United States Constitution is the highest-ranking official in the presidential line of succession in the executive branch of the United States; the vice president is the first person who would normally ascend to the presidency upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president.
The National Security Act of 1947 was a major restructuring of the United States government's military and intelligence agencies following World War II.
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The executive power of both the vice president and the president is granted under Article Two, Section One of the Constitution.
The vice president is indirectly elected, together with the president, to a four-year term of office by the people of the United States through the Electoral College.
The Office of the Vice President of the United States assists and organizes the vice president's official functions.
The Office of the Vice President includes personnel who directly support or advise the Vice President of the United States.
As the president of the United States Senate, the vice president votes only when it is necessary to break a tie.
The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.
A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or chamber of a bicameral legislature or parliament.
While Senate customs have created supermajority rules that have diminished this constitutional tie-breaking authority, the vice president still retains the ability to influence legislation; for example, the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 was passed in the Senate by a tie-breaking vice presidential vote.
A supermajority, or a qualified majority, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of one half used for majority.
The Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 is a United States Act of Congress concerning the federal budget that became law in 2006.
Additionally, pursuant to the Twelfth Amendment, the vice president presides over the joint session of Congress when it convenes to count the vote of the Electoral College.
While the vice president's only constitutionally prescribed functions aside from presidential succession relate to their role as President of the Senate, the role of the vice president evolved during the 20th century into more of an executive branch position.
Currently, the vice president is usually seen as an integral part of a president's administration and presides over the Senate only on ceremonial occasions or when a tie-breaking vote may be needed.
The Constitution does not expressly assign the office to any one branch, causing a dispute among scholars whether it belongs to the executive branch, the legislative branch, or both.
The modern view of the vice president as a member of the executive branch is due in part to the assignment of executive duties to the vice president by either the president or Congress.
Mike Pence of Indiana is the 48th and current vice president.
Michael Richard "Mike" Pence is an American politician, attorney, and the 50th Governor of Indiana.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
He assumed office on January 20, 2017.