A university is an institution of higher education and research which grants academic degrees in various academic disciplines.

Research comprises "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications."

Higher education, post-secondary education, or third level education is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after secondary education.

An academic degree is a qualification awarded on successful completion of a course of study in higher education, normally at a college or university.

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Universities typically provide undergraduate education and postgraduate education.

Postgraduate education, or graduate education in North America, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor's degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education.

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The word "university" is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et scholarium, which roughly means "community of teachers and scholars."

Latin is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.


Universities were created in Italy and evolved from Cathedral schools for the clergy during the High Middle Ages.

Cathedral schools began in the Early Middle Ages as centers of advanced education, some of them ultimately evolving into medieval universities.

The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 and lasted until around 1250.

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe.

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