The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
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The composition and powers of the Senate are established in Article One of the U.S. Constitution.
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Each state, regardless of population, is represented by two senators who serve staggered six-year terms.
The Senate chamber is located in the north wing of the Capitol, in Washington, D.C. The House of Representatives convenes in the south wing of the same building.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.
The Senate has several advice and consent powers not granted to the House, including electing the U.S. Vice President in case there is no majority in the Electoral College, consenting to treaties as a precondition to their ratification and consenting to or confirming appointments of Cabinet secretaries, federal judges, other federal executive officials, military officers, regulatory officials, ambassadors, and other federal uniformed officers, as well as trial of federal officials impeached by the House.
An ambassador is an official envoy, especially a highest ranking diplomat who represents a state and is usually accredited to another sovereign state, or to an international organization as the resident representative of their own government or sovereign or appointed for a special and often temporary diplomatic assignment.
Advice and consent is an English phrase frequently used in enacting formulae of bills and in other legal or constitutional contexts.
Ratification is a principal's approval of an act of its agent where the agent lacked authority to legally bind the principal.
The Senate is widely considered both a more deliberative and more prestigious body than the House of Representatives, due to its longer terms, smaller size, and statewide constituencies, which historically led to a more collegial and less partisan atmosphere.
In the U.S., the Senate is sometimes referred to as "world's greatest deliberative body".