17 Facts About United States Bill of Rights


The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.

Schenck v. United States | Homework Help from the Bill of Rights Institute by Bill of Rights Institute


Proposed following the oftentimes bitter 1787–88 battle over ratification of the U.S. Constitution, and crafted to address the objections raised by Anti-Federalists, the Bill of Rights amendments add to the Constitution specific guarantees of personal freedoms and rights, clear limitations on the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and explicit declarations that all powers not specifically delegated to Congress by the Constitution are reserved for the states or the people.

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The concepts codified in these amendments are built upon those found in several earlier documents, including the Virginia Declaration of Rights and the English Bill of Rights 1689, along with earlier documents such as Magna Carta.

The Bill of Rights, also known as the English Bill of Rights, is an Act of the Parliament of England that deals with constitutional matters and sets out certain basic civil rights.

The Virginia Declaration of Rights is a document drafted in 1776 to proclaim the inherent rights of men, including the right to reform or abolish "inadequate" government.

Magna Carta Libertatum, commonly called Magna Carta, is a charter agreed to by King John of England at Runnymede, near Windsor, on 15 June 1215.


In practice, the amendments had little impact on judgements by the courts for the first 150 years after ratification.


On June 8, 1789, Representative James Madison introduced nine amendments to the constitution in the House of Representatives.

James Madison Jr. was a political theorist, American statesman, and the fourth President of the United States.


Among his recommendations Madison proposed opening up the Constitution and inserting specific rights limiting the power of Congress in Article One, Section 9. Seven of these limitations would become part of the ten ratified Bill of Rights amendments.


Ultimately, on September 25, 1789, Congress approved twelve articles of amendment to the Constitution, each consisting of one one-sentence paragraph, and submitted them to the states for ratification.


Contrary to Madison's original proposal that the articles be incorporated into the main body of the Constitution, they were proposed as supplemental additions to it.


Articles Three through Twelve were ratified as additions to the Constitution on December 15, 1791, and became Amendments One through Ten of the Constitution.


Article Two became part of the Constitution on May 5, 1992, as the Twenty-seventh Amendment.


Article One is technically still pending before the states.


Although Madison's proposed amendments included a provision to extend the protection of some of the Bill of Rights to the states, the amendments that were finally submitted for ratification applied only to the federal government.


The door for their application upon state governments was opened in the 1860s, following ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment.


Since the early 20th century both federal and state courts have used the Fourteenth Amendment to apply portions of the Bill of Rights to state and local governments.


The process is known as incorporation.


There are several original engrossed copies of the Bill of Rights still in existence.

Western calligraphy is the art of writing and penmanship as practiced in the Western world, especially using the Latin alphabet.


One of these is on permanent public display at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as "Washington", "the District", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States.

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