The United States Armed Forces are the federal armed forces of the United States.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The armed forces of a country are its government-sponsored defense, fighting forces, and organizations.
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They consist of the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard.
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The President of the United States is the military's overall head, and helps form military policy with the U.S. Department of Defense, a federal executive department, acting as the principal organ by which military policy is carried out.
A president is the leader of a country or a division or part of a country, typically a republic, a democracy, or a dictatorship.
The President of the United States of America is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
From the time of its inception, the military played a decisive role in the history of the United States.
The date of the start of the history of the United States is a subject of debate among historians.
A sense of national unity and identity was forged as a result of victory in the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War.
The First Barbary War, also known as the Tripolitanian War and the Barbary Coast War, was the first of two Barbary Wars between the United States, Sweden and the four North African states known collectively as the "Barbary States".
The Second Barbary War, was the second of two wars fought between the United States and the North African Barbary states of Tripoli, Tunis, and Algeria.
Even so, the Founders were suspicious of a permanent military force.
It played an important role in the American Civil War, where leading generals on both sides were picked from members of the United States military.
Not until the outbreak of World War II did a large standing army become officially established.
World War I, also known as the First World War, or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.
The National Security Act of 1947, adopted following World War II and during the Cold War's onset, created the modern U.S. military framework; the Act merged previously Cabinet-level Department of War and the Department of the Navy into the National Military Establishment, headed by the Secretary of Defense; and created the Department of the Air Force and National Security Council.
The National Security Act of 1947 was a major restructuring of the United States government's military and intelligence agencies following World War II.
The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc and powers in the Eastern Bloc.
The U.S. military is one of the largest militaries in terms of number of personnel.
It draws its personnel from a large pool of paid volunteers; although conscription has been used in the past in various times of both war and peace, it has not been used since 1972.
As of 2016, the United States spends about $580.3 billion annually to fund its military forces and Overseas Contingency Operations.
Put together, the United States constitutes roughly 40 percent of the world's military expenditures.
For the period 2010–14, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute found that the United States was the world's largest exporter of major arms, accounting for 31 per cent of global shares.
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute is an independent international institute in Sweden, dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.
The United States was also the world's eighth largest importer of major weapons for the same period.
The U.S. military has significant capabilities in both defense and power projection due to its large budget, resulting in advanced and powerful equipment, and its widespread deployment of force around the world, including about 800 military bases in foreign locations.
Power projection is a term used in military and political science to refer to the capacity of a state to apply all or some of its elements of national power - political, economic, informational, or military - to rapidly and effectively deploy and sustain forces in and from multiple dispersed locations to respond to crises, to contribute to deterrence, and to enhance regional stability.