the United Arab Emirates


The United Arab Emirates, sometimes simply called the Emirates or the UAE, is a federal absolute monarchy in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.

Absolute monarchy, or despotic monarchy, is a form of monarchy in which one ruler has supreme authority and where that authority is not restricted by any written laws, legislature, or customs.

Qatar, officially the State of Qatar, is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.

Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula.



In 2013, the UAE's population was 9.2 million, of which 1.4 million are Emirati citizens and 7.8 million are expatriates.

An expatriate is a person temporarily or permanently residing, as an immigrant, in a country other than that of their citizenship.

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The country is a federation of seven emirates, and was established on 2 December 1971.

An emirate is a political territory that is ruled by a dynastic Islamic monarch styled emir.


The constituent emirates are Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain.

Fujairah is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, and the only one of the seven that has a coastline solely on the Gulf of Oman and none on the Persian Gulf.

Abu Dhabi is the capital and the second most populous city of the United Arab Emirates, and also capital of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the largest of the UAE's seven emirates.


Each emirate is governed by an absolute monarch; together, they jointly form the Federal Supreme Council.

The Federal Supreme Council is the highest constitutional authority in the United Arab Emirates, being the highest legislative and executive body.


One of the monarchs is selected as the President of the United Arab Emirates.

A presidency is an administration or the executive, the collective administrative and governmental entity that exists around an office of president of a state or nation.

A president is the leader of a country or a division or part of a country, typically a republic, a democracy, or a dictatorship.


Islam is the official religion of the UAE and Arabic is the official language.

Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is only one and incomparable God and that Muhammad is the last messenger of God.

Arabic is a Central Semitic language that was first spoken in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.


The UAE's oil reserves are the seventh-largest in the world while its natural gas reserves are the world's seventeenth-largest.


Sheikh Zayed, ruler of Abu Dhabi and the first President of the UAE, oversaw the development of the Emirates and steered oil revenues into healthcare, education and infrastructure.

Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan was the principal driving force behind the formation of the United Arab Emirates, the Emîr of Abu Dhabi and first Ra’îs President of the United Arab Emirates, a post which he held for the lengthy period of almost 33 years.

Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.


The UAE's economy is the most diversified in the Gulf Cooperation Council, while its most populous city of Dubai is an important global city and an international aviation hub.

The Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, originally known as the Gulf Cooperation Council, is a regional intergovernmental political and economic union consisting of all Arab states of the Persian Gulf, except for Iraq.

A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city generally considered to be an important node in the global economic system.


Nevertheless, the country remains principally reliant on its export of petroleum and natural gas.


The UAE is criticised for its human rights record, including the specific interpretations of Sharia used in its legal system.

Sharia, Islamic sharia, Islamic law is the religious law governing the members of the Islamic faith.


The UAE's rising international profile has led some analysts to identify it as a regional and middle power.

In international relations, a middle power is a sovereign state that is not a superpower nor a great power, but still has large or moderate influence and international recognition.

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