The UK Independence Party is a Eurosceptic and right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom.
It is headquartered in Newton Abbot, Devon, and currently led by Paul Nuttall.
Newton Abbot is a market town and civil parish on the River Teign in the Teignbridge District of Devon, England, with a population of 25,556.
Paul Andrew Nuttall is a British politician who is the leader of the UK Independence Party and MEP for North West England.
Devon is a county of England, reaching from the Bristol Channel in the north to the English Channel in the south.
At Westminster, UKIP has no Members of Parliament in the House of Commons and three representatives in the House of Lords.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, referred to ceremonially as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
It has 20 Members of the European Parliament, making it jointly the largest UK party in that Parliament.
A Member of the European Parliament is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative, elected body of government.
It has six Assembly Members in the National Assembly for Wales and has 438 councillors in UK local government.
The National Assembly for Wales is a devolved assembly with power to make legislation in Wales.
Wales is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
Ideologically positioned on the right wing of British politics, UKIP has been characterised as part of a broader European radical right by political scientists.
It promotes a British unionist and British nationalist agenda, although its claim that the latter is a form of non-racial civic nationalism has been disputed.
Civic nationalism, also known as liberal nationalism, is a kind of nationalism identified by political philosophers who believe in a non-xenophobic form of nationalism compatible with values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual rights.
UKIP's primary emphasis has been on Euroscepticism, calling for the UK's exit from the European Union.
The European Union is a politico-economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe.
It has also placed strong emphasis on lowering immigration, opposing multiculturalism, and encouraging a unitary British identity.
Multiculturalism describes the existence, acceptance, and/or promotion of multiple cultural traditions within a single jurisdiction, usually considered in terms of the culture associated with an aboriginal ethnic group and foreigner ethnic groups.
On social issues like LGBT rights and education policy it favours traditional values.
Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people vary greatly by country or territory—everything from legal recognition of same-sex marriage or other types of partnerships, to the death penalty as punishment for same-sex romantic/sexual activity or identity.
Influenced by Thatcherism and classical liberalism, it describes itself as economically libertarian and promotes liberal economic policies.
Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a branch of liberalism which advocates civil liberties and political freedom with representative democracy under the rule of law, and emphasizes economic freedoms found in economic liberalism which is also called free market capitalism.
Thatcherism describes the conviction politics, economic, social policy and political style of the British Conservative Party politician Margaret Thatcher, who was leader of her party from 1975 to 1990.
Having an ideological heritage stemming from the right wing of the Conservative Party, it distinguishes itself from the political establishment through heavy use of populist rhetoric.
UKIP originated as the Anti-Federalist League, a single-issue Eurosceptic party established by the historian Alan Sked in 1991.
The Anti-Federalist League was a small cross-party organisation in Britain, formed in 1991 to campaign against the Maastricht Treaty.
It was renamed UKIP in 1993 but its growth remained slow; it was largely eclipsed by the Eurosceptic Referendum Party until the latter's 1997 dissolution.
Sked was then ousted by a faction led by Nigel Farage, who became the party's preeminent figure.
Nigel Paul Farage is a British politician, broadcaster and political analyst who was the leader of the UK Independence Party from 2006 to 2009 and again from 2010 to 2016.
Under Farage's leadership, from 2009 the party adopted a wider policy platform and capitalised on concerns about rising immigration, in particular among the White British working class.
White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census.
This resulted in significant breakthroughs at the 2013 local elections, 2014 European elections, and 2015 general election.
The pressure UKIP exerted on the government is widely regarded as the main reason for the 2016 referendum on EU membership.
Governed by its leader and National Executive Committee, UKIP is divided into twelve regional groups, with an additional one representing Gibraltar.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula.
UKIP is a founding member of the Alliance for Direct Democracy in Europe European political party, and the party's MEPs sit with the Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy group in the European Parliament.
The Alliance for Direct Democracy in Europe, abbreviated to ADDE, is a European political party founded in 2014.