Travel is the movement of people between distant geographical locations.
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Travel can be done by foot, bicycle, automobile, train, boat, bus, airplane, ship or other means, with or without luggage, and can be one way or round trip.
A bicycle, also called a cycle or bike, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other.
A train is a form of rail transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally run along a railroad track to transport passengers or cargo.
An airplane or aeroplane is a powered, fixed-wing aircraft that is propelled forward by thrust from a jet engine, propeller or rocket engine.
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Travel can also include relatively short stays between successive movements, as in the case of tourism.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
The term "travel" may originate from the Old French word travail, which means 'work'.
Old French was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.
According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, the first known use of the word travel was in the 14th century.
It also states that the word comes from Middle English travailen, travelen and earlier from Old French travailler.
According to Simon Winchester in his book The Best Travelers' Tales, the words "travel" and "travail" both share an even more ancient root: a Roman instrument of torture called the tripalium.
Travel in modern times may or may not be much easier depending upon the destination.
Travel to Mount Everest, the Amazon rainforest, extreme tourism, and adventure travel are more difficult forms of travel.
The Amazon rainforest, also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf tropical rainforest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.
Adventure travel is a type of niche tourism, involving exploration or travel with a certain degree of risk, and which may require special skills and physical exertion.
Extreme tourism is a niche in the tourism industry involving travel to dangerous places or participation in dangerous events.
Travel can also be more difficult depending on the method of travel, such as by bus, cruise ship, or even by bullock cart.
A bullock cart or ox cart is a two-wheeled or four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen.
Cruise ships are large passenger ships used mainly for vacationing.
Reasons for traveling include recreation, tourism or vacationing, research travel, the gathering of information, visiting people, volunteer travel for charity, migration to begin life somewhere else, religious pilgrimages and mission trips, business travel, trade, commuting, and other reasons, such as to obtain health care or waging or fleeing war or for the enjoyment of traveling.
Research comprises "creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications."
Business travel is travel undertaken for work or business purposes, as opposed to other types of travel, such as for leisure purposes or regularly commuting between one's home and workplace.
A short-term mission is the mobilization of a Christian missionary for a short period of time ranging from days to a year; many short-term missions are called mission trips.
Travellers may use human-powered transport such as walking or bicycling; or vehicles, such as public transport, automobiles, trains and airplanes.
Public transport is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport.
Human-powered transport is the transport of person and/or goods using human muscle power.
Motives for travel include:
Discovery and exploration
Exploration is the act of searching for the purpose of discovery of information or resources.
Intercultural communication is a discipline that studies communication across different cultures and social groups, or how culture affects communication.
Taking personal time for building interpersonal relationships.
An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.
Travel dates back to antiquity where wealthy Greeks and Romans would travel for leisure to their summer homes and villas in cities such as Pompeii and Baiae.
Baiae was an ancient Roman town situated on the northwest shore of the Gulf of Naples and now in the comune of Bacoli.
Pompeii was an ancient city located in what is now the comune of Pompei near Naples in the Campania region of Italy.