The Tibetan Plateau, also known in China as the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau or the Qing–Zang Plateau or Himalayan Plateau, is a vast elevated plateau in Central Asia and East Asia, covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai in western China, as well as part of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
In geology and earth science, a plateau, also called a high plain or tableland, is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.
Ladakh is a region in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir that currently extends from the Kunlun mountain range to the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent.
Central Asia or Middle Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north.
The Tibetan Plateau by tibetchannel
It stretches approximately 1,000 kilometres north to south and 2,500 kilometres east to west.
THE WONDERS OF THE TIBETAN PLATEAU.mov by 3407mdz
With an average elevation exceeding 4,500 metres, the Tibetan Plateau is sometimes called "the Roof of the World" because it stands over 3 miles above sea level and is surrounded by imposing mountain ranges that harbor the world's two highest summits, Mount Everest and K2, and is the world's highest and largest plateau, with an area of 2,500,000 square kilometres.
K2, also known as Mount Godwin-Austen or Chhogori, at 8,611 metres above sea level, is the second highest mountain in the world, after Mount Everest at 8,848 metres.
Mount Everest, also known in Nepali as Sagarmāthā and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earth's highest mountain.
For the Doctor Who episode, see Marco Polo.
Sometimes termed the Third Pole, the Tibetan Plateau contains the headwaters of the drainage basins of most of the streams in surrounding regions.
A drainage basin or catchment area is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.
A stream is a body of water with a current, confined within a bed and banks.
Its tens of thousands of glaciers and other geographical and ecological features serve as a "water tower" storing water and maintaining flow.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries.
The impact of global warming on the Tibetan Plateau is of intense scientific interest.
Global warming and climate change are terms for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.