Theseus was the mythical king of Athens and was the son of Aethra by two fathers: Aegeus and Poseidon.

A myth is any traditional story consisting of events that are ostensibly historical, explaining the origins of a cultural practice or natural phenomenon.

Poseidon was one of the Twelve Olympians in ancient Greek religion and myth, god of the sea, storms, earthquakes and

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Theseus was a founder-hero, like Perseus, Cadmus, or Heracles, all of whom battled and overcame foes that were identified with an archaic religious and social order.

Heracles, born Alcaeus or Alcides was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of Amphitryon.

In Greek mythology, Perseus is the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty.

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As Heracles was the Dorian hero, Theseus was a founding hero, considered by Athenians as their own great reformer: his name comes from the same root as θεσμός, Greek for "The Gathering".


The myths surrounding Theseus—his journeys, exploits, and family—have provided material for fiction throughout the ages.


Theseus was responsible for the synoikismos —the political unification of Attica under Athens, represented emblematically in his journey of labours, subduing ogres and monstrous beasts.

Synoecism or synecism, also spelled synoikism, was originally the amalgamation of villages in Ancient Greece into poleis, or city-states.

Attica, or the Attic peninsula, is a historical region that encompasses the city of Athens, the capital of Greece.


Because he was the unifying king, Theseus built and occupied a palace on the fortress of the Acropolis that may have been similar to the palace that was excavated in Mycenae.

An acropolis was in ancient Greece a settlement, especially a citadel, built upon an area of elevated ground—frequently a hill with precipitous sides, chosen for purposes of defense.

Mycenae is an archaeological site near Mykines in Argolis, north-eastern Peloponnese, Greece.


Pausanias reports that after the synoikismos, Theseus established a cult of Aphrodite Pandemos and Peitho on the southern slope of the Acropolis.

Aphrodite is an ancient Greek goddess associated with love, beauty, pleasure, passion and procreation.

Aphrodite Pandemos, occurs as an epithet of the Greek goddess Aphrodite.


Plutarch's vita of Theseus makes use of varying accounts of the death of the Minotaur, Theseus' escape, and the love of Ariadne for Theseus.

In Greek mythology, the Minotaur is a mythical creature portrayed in Classical times with the head and tail of a bull and the body of a man or, as described by Roman poet Ovid, a being "part man and part bull".

Plutarch was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.


Plutarch's sources, not all of whose texts have survived independently, included Pherecydes, Demon, Philochorus, and Cleidemus.

Cleidemus was a Greek author, perhaps of the fifth or fourth century BCE but definitely later than the battle of Plataea in 479 BCE, who produced a lost Atthis, a local history of Athens dealing with the traditional origins of the city's law and institutions.

Philochorus of Athens, was a Greek historian and Atthidographer of the 3rd century BC, and a member of a priestly family.

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