"The Star-Spangled Banner" is the national anthem of the United States of America.
A national anthem is generally a patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Star Spangled Banner As You've Never Heard It by mona rose
The lyrics come from "Defence of Fort M'Henry", a poem written on September 14, 1814, by the 35-year-old lawyer and amateur poet Francis Scott Key after witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry by British ships of the Royal Navy in Baltimore Harbor during the Battle of Baltimore in the War of 1812.
Fort McHenry, in Baltimore, Maryland, is a historical American coastal star-shaped fort best known for its role in the War of 1812, when it successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy from the Chesapeake Bay September 13–14, 1814.
The War of 1812 was a military conflict that lasted from June 18, 1812 to February 18, 1815, fought between the United States of America and the United Kingdom, its North American colonies, and its Native American allies.
Francis Scott Key was an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet from Georgetown who wrote the lyrics to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner".
Jennifer Hudson - The Star Spangled Banner, Super Bowl ... by djdrwatson
Key was inspired by the large American flag, the Star-Spangled Banner, flying triumphantly above the fort during the American victory.
The poem was set to the tune of a popular British song written by John Stafford Smith for the Anacreontic Society, a men's social club in London.
The Anacreontic Society was a popular gentlemen's club of amateur musicians in London founded in the mid-18th century.
John Stafford Smith was a British composer, church organist, and early musicologist.
"To Anacreon in Heaven", with various lyrics, was already popular in the United States.
Set to Key's poem and renamed "The Star-Spangled Banner", it soon became a well-known American patriotic song.
With a range of one octave and one fifth, it is known for being difficult to sing.
Although the poem has four stanzas, only the first is commonly sung today.
In poetry, a stanza is a grouped set of lines within a poem, usually set off from other stanzas by a blank line or indentation.
"The Star-Spangled Banner" was recognized for official use by the United States Navy in 1889, and by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in 1916, and was made the national anthem by a congressional resolution on March 3, 1931, which was signed by President Herbert Hoover.
The United States Navy is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson was an American politician and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
Herbert Clark Hoover was an American politician who served as the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933.
Before 1931, other songs served as the hymns of American officialdom.
"Hail, Columbia" served this purpose at official functions for most of the 19th century.
"My Country, 'Tis of Thee", whose melody is identical to "God Save the Queen", the British national anthem, also served as a de facto anthem.
"God Save the Queen" is the national and/or royal anthem in a number of Commonwealth realms, their territories, and the British Crown Dependencies.
Following the War of 1812 and subsequent American wars, other songs emerged to compete for popularity at public events, among them "The Star-Spangled Banner", as well as "America the Beautiful".