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the Championships, Wimbledon

1

The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is widely regarded as the most prestigious.

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each.

A tournament is a competition involving a relatively large number of competitors, all participating in a sport or game.

Nadal v Federer: Classic Wimbledon Rally by Wimbledon

2

It has been held at the All England Club in Wimbledon, London, since 1877 and is played on outdoor grass courts.

A grass court is one of the four different types of tennis court on which the sport of tennis, originally known as "lawn tennis", is played.

Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses.

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

Wimbledon 2013 Championships Review by Wimbledon

3

Wimbledon is one of the four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, the others being the Australian Open, the French Open and the US Open.

The French Open, often referred to as Roland Garros, is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks between late May and early June at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France.

The Australian Open is a major tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia.

4

Since the Australian Open shifted to hardcourt in 1988, Wimbledon is the only major still played on grass.

A hardcourt is a surface or floor on which a sport is played, most usually in reference to tennis courts.

5

The tournament traditionally took place over two weeks in late June and early July, starting on the third Monday in June and culminating with the Ladies' and Gentlemen's Singles Finals, scheduled for the Saturday and Sunday at the end of the second week.

6

However recent changes to the tennis calendar have seen the event move a week later to start on the first Monday in July.

7

Five major events are held each year, with additional junior and invitational competitions also taking place.

8

Wimbledon traditions include a strict dress code for competitors and Royal patronage.

9

The tournament is also notable for the absence of sponsor advertising around the courts.

10

In 2009, Wimbledon's Centre Court was fitted with a retractable roof to lessen the loss of playing time due to rain.

A retractable roof is a roof system designed to roll back the roof on tracks so that the interior of the facility is open to the outdoors.

Centre Court is also a generic English term for the main tennis court at any tennis complex.

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