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18 Facts About the Beatles

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The Beatles were an English rock band, formed in Liverpool in 1960.

Rock music is a genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States.

Liverpool is a major city and metropolitan borough in the metropolitan county of Merseyside in north west England with an estimated population of 478,580 in 2015.

The Beatles, also known as the White Album, is the ninth studio album by English rock group the Beatles, released on 22 November 1968.

The Beatles - Penny Lane by TheBeatlesVEVO

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With members John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr, they became widely regarded as the foremost and most influential act of the rock era.

Richard Starkey, MBE, known professionally as Ringo Starr, is an English musician, singer, songwriter and actor who gained worldwide fame as the drummer for the Beatles.

John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE was an English singer and songwriter who co-founded the Beatles, the most commercially successful band in the history of popular music.

George Harrison, MBE was an English guitarist, singer, songwriter, and music and film producer who achieved international fame as the lead guitarist of the Beatles.

The Beatles - A Day In The Life by TheBeatlesVEVO

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Rooted in skiffle, beat, and 1950s rock and roll, the Beatles later experimented with several musical styles, ranging from pop ballads and Indian music to psychedelia and hard rock, often incorporating classical elements in innovative ways.

Psychedelic music covers a range of popular music styles and genres influenced by the 1960s psychedelic culture, a subculture of people who used psychedelic drugs such as LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, mescaline and DMT to experience visual and auditory hallucinations, synesthesia and altered states of consciousness.

Rock and roll is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s, from African-American musical styles such as gospel, jazz, and rhythm and blues, with country.

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the Western world during the 1950s and 1960s as a softer alternative to rock and roll.

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In the early 1960s, their enormous popularity first emerged as "Beatlemania", but as the group's music grew in sophistication, led by primary songwriters Lennon and McCartney, they came to be perceived as an embodiment of the ideals shared by the counterculture of the 1960s.

The counterculture of the 1960s refers to an anti-establishment cultural phenomenon that developed first in the United States and then spread throughout much of the Western world between the early 1960s and the mid-1970s, with New York City, and San Francisco being hotbeds of early countercultural activity.

"Beatlemania", is a term that originated during the 1960s, to describe the intense fan frenzy directed toward British rock band "The Beatles", during the early years of their success.

Beatlemania was a Broadway musical revue focused on the music of The Beatles as it related to the events and changing attitudes of the tumultuous 1960s.

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The Beatles built their reputation playing clubs in Liverpool and Hamburg over a three-year period from 1960, with Stuart Sutcliffe initially serving as bass player.

Hamburg, officially Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, is the second largest city in Germany and the eighth largest city in the European Union.

Stuart Fergusson Victor Sutcliffe was a Scottish-born painter and musician best known as the original bass guitarist for the Beatles.

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The core of Lennon, McCartney and Harrison went through a succession of drummers, most notably Pete Best, before asking Starr to join them.

Randolph Peter "Pete" Best is an English musician, principally known as the original drummer for the Beatles from 1960 to 1962.

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Manager Brian Epstein moulded them into a professional act, and producer George Martin guided and developed their recordings, greatly expanding their popularity in the United Kingdom after their first hit, "Love Me Do", in late 1962.

Love is a 2006 theatrical production by Cirque du Soleil which combines the re-produced and re-imagined music of the Beatles with an interpretive, circus-based artistic and athletic stage performance.

Sir George Henry Martin CBE was an English record producer, arranger, composer, conductor, audio engineer and musician.

"Love Me Do" is the Beatles' first single, backed by "P.S. I Love You".

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They acquired the nickname "the Fab Four" as Beatlemania grew in Britain the next year, and by early 1964 became international stars, leading the "British Invasion" of the United States pop market.

The British Invasion was a phenomenon that occurred in the mid-1960s when rock and pop music acts from the United Kingdom, as well as other aspects of British culture, became popular in the United States, and significant to the rising "counterculture" on both sides of the Atlantic.

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From 1965 onwards, the Beatles produced increasingly innovative recordings, including the albums Rubber Soul, Revolver, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, The Beatles and Abbey Road.

Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is a 1978 American jukebox musical comedy film directed by Michael Schultz and written by Henry Edwards.

Abbey Road is the eleventh studio album by English rock band the Beatles, released on 26 September 1969 by Apple Records.

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After their break-up in 1970, they each enjoyed successful musical careers of varying lengths.

The break-up of the Beatles, one of the most popular and influential musical groups in history, has become almost as much of a legend as the band itself or the music they created while together.

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McCartney and Starr, the surviving members, remain musically active.

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Lennon was shot and killed in December 1980, and Harrison died of lung cancer in November 2001.

John Lennon was an English musician who gained worldwide fame as one of the members of the Beatles, for his subsequent solo career, and for his political activism and pacifism.

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According to the RIAA, the Beatles are the best-selling music artists in the United States, with 178 million certified units.

The Recording Industry Association of America is a continental North and South American trade organization that represents the recording industry in the United States.

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They have had more number-one albums on the British charts and sold more singles in the UK than any other act.

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In 2008, the group topped Billboard magazine's list of the all-time most successful "Hot 100" artists; as of 2016, they hold the record for most number-one hits on the Hot 100 chart with twenty.

Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by Prometheus Global Media.

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They have received ten Grammy Awards, an Academy Award for Best Original Song Score and fifteen Ivor Novello Awards.

The Academy Awards, or "Oscars", is an annual American awards ceremony hosted by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements in the United States film industry as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.

The Academy Award for Best Original Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer.

A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an honor awarded by The Recording Academy to recognize outstanding achievement in the mainly English-language music industry.

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Collectively included in Time magazine's compilation of the twentieth century's 100 most influential people, they are the best-selling band in history, with estimated sales of over 600 million records worldwide.

Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century is a compilation of the 20th century's 100 most influential people, published in Time magazine in 1999.

Time is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City.

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The group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988, and all four were inducted individually from 1994 to 2015.

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is a hall of fame and museum located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States.

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