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20 Facts About the Beach Boys

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The Beach Boys are an American rock band formed in Hawthorne, California in 1961.

Hawthorne is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California.

Hawthorne may refer to the American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne.

The Beach Boys - Good Vibrations by TheBeachBoysVEVO

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The group's original lineup consisted of brothers Brian, Dennis, and Carl Wilson, their cousin Mike Love, and their friend Al Jardine.

Michael Edward "Mike" Love is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and activist who co-founded the Beach Boys.

Alan Charles "Al" Jardine is an American musician, singer and songwriter who co-founded the Beach Boys.

The Beach Boys - Sloop John B Promo Film by emimusic

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They emerged at the vanguard of the "California Sound", initially performing original surf songs that gained international popularity for their distinct vocal harmonies and lyrics reflecting a southern California youth culture of surfing, cars, and romance.

Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.

The California Sound refers to a popular music aesthetic engendered by American pop and rock recording artists from Southern California in the 1960s.

Southern California, often abbreviated to SoCal, is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises California's southernmost 10 counties.

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Rooted in jazz-based vocal groups, 1950s rock and roll, and doo-wop, Brian led the band in devising novel approaches to music production, arranging his compositions for studio orchestras, and experimenting with several genres ranging from pop ballads to psychedelic and baroque styles.

Sentimental ballads, also known as pop ballads, rock ballads or power ballads, are an emotional style of music that often deal with romantic and intimate relationships, and to a lesser extent, war, loneliness, death, drug abuse, politics and religion, usually in a maudlin but solemn manner.

Doo-wop is a genre of music that was developed by African-Americans in New York City, Philadelphia, Chicago, Baltimore, Newark, Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Detroit, Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles in the 1940s, achieving mainstream popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s.

Rock and roll is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s, from African-American musical styles such as gospel, jazz, and rhythm and blues, with country.

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5

The group began as a garage band managed by the Wilsons' father Murry, with Brian's creative ambitions and sophisticated songwriting abilities dominating the group's musical direction.

Garage rock is a raw and energetic style of rock and roll that flourished in the mid-1960s, most notably in the United States and Canada but also elsewhere.

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After 1964, their albums took a different stylistic path that featured more personal lyrics, multi-layered sounds, and recording experiments.

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In 1966, the Pet Sounds album and "Good Vibrations" single vaulted the group to the top level of rock innovators and established the band as symbols of the nascent counterculture era.

Pet Sounds is the eleventh studio album by American rock band the Beach Boys, released on May 16, 1966.

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8

Following Smile's dissolution, Brian gradually ceded production and songwriting duties to the rest of the band, reducing his input because of mental health and substance abuse issues.

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.

Mental health is a level of psychological well-being, or an absence of mental illness.

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The group's public image subsequently faltered, and they struggled to reclaim their commercial momentum in America.

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10

The continued success of their greatest hits albums during the mid 1970s precipitated the band's transition into an oldies act, a move that was denigrated by critics and many fans.

Oldies is a radio format that concentrates on music from a period of about 25 to 55 years before the present day, primarily from the rock and roll and pop genres.

A greatest hits album, sometimes called a "best of" album or a catalog album, is a compilation of songs by a particular artist or band.

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Since the 1980s, much-publicized legal wrangling over royalties, songwriting credits and use of the band's name transpired.

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12

Dennis drowned in 1983 and Carl died of lung cancer in 1998.

Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant lung tumor characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung.

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13

After Carl's death, many live configurations of the band fronted by Mike Love and Bruce Johnston continued to tour into the 2000s while other members pursued solo projects.

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For the band's 50th anniversary, all the current surviving members briefly reunited for a new studio album and world tour.

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Even though Wilson and Jardine do not perform with Love and Johnston's band, they remain a part of the Beach Boys' corporation, Brother Records Inc.

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The Beach Boys are one of the most critically acclaimed, commercially successful, and widely influential bands of all time, while AllMusic stated that their "unerring ability...

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made them America's first, best rock band."

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18

The group had over eighty songs chart worldwide, thirty-six of them US Top 40 hits, four reaching number-one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.

Top 40 is a music industry shorthand for the currently most-popular songs in a particular genre.

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The Beach Boys have sold in excess of 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling bands of all time and are listed at No. 12 on Rolling Stone magazine's 2004 list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time".

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20

They received their only Grammy Award for The Smile Sessions.

The Smile Sessions is a compilation album and box set released by American rock band the Beach Boys on October 31, 2011 that focuses on abandoned recording sessions which – if completed – would have followed the Beach Boys' 11th studio album Pet Sounds.

A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an honor awarded by The Recording Academy to recognize outstanding achievement in the mainly English-language music industry.

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