Tetris is a tile-matching puzzle video game, originally designed and programmed by Russian game designer Alexey Pajitnov.

Alexey Leonidovich Pajitnov is a Russian video game designer and computer engineer who developed Tetris while working for the Dorodnitsyn Computing Centre of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, a Soviet government-founded R&D center.

Puzzle video games are a genre of video games that emphasize puzzle solving.

Puyo Puyo Tetris - Official Nintendo Switch Trailer by Nintendo


It was released on June 6, 1984, while he was working for the Dorodnitsyn Computing Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR in Moscow.

Dorodnitsyn Computing Centre was established in 1955 and became a leading research institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union.

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He derived its name from the Greek numerical prefix tetra- and tennis, Pajitnov's favorite sport.

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each.

Numeral or number prefixes are prefixes derived from numerals or occasionally other numbers.


Tetris was the first entertainment software to be exported from the USSR to the US, where it was published by Spectrum HoloByte for Commodore 64 and IBM PC.

The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or occasionally CBM 64 or VIC-64 in Sweden, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International.


The Tetris game is a popular use of tetrominoes, the four-element special case of polyominoes.

A polyomino is a plane geometric figure formed by joining one or more equal squares edge to edge.

A tetromino is a geometric shape composed of four squares, connected orthogonally.


Polyominoes have been used in popular puzzles since at least 1907, and the name was given by the mathematician Solomon W. Golomb in 1953.

Solomon Wolf Golomb was an American mathematician, engineer, and professor of electrical engineering at the University of Southern California, best known for his works on mathematical games.


However, even the enumeration of pentominoes is dated to antiquity.

A pentomino is a polyomino of order 5, that is, a polygon in the plane made of 5 equal-sized squares connected edge-to-edge.


The game is available for nearly every video game console and computer operating system, as well as on devices such as graphing calculators, mobile phones, portable media players, PDAs, Network music players and even as an Easter egg on non-media products like oscilloscopes.

An oscilloscope, previously called an oscillograph, and informally known as a scope or o-scope, CRO, or DSO, is a type of electronic test instrument that allows observation of constantly varying signal voltages, usually as a two-dimensional plot of one or more signals as a function of time.

A portable media player or digital audio player is a portable consumer electronics device capable of storing and playing digital media such as audio, images, and video files.

A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.


It has even inspired Tetris serving dishes and been played on the sides of various buildings.


While versions of Tetris were sold for a range of 1980s home computer platforms as well as arcades, it was the hugely successful handheld version for the Game Boy launched in 1989 that established the game as one of the most popular ever.

Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.


Electronic Gaming Monthly's 100th issue had Tetris in first place as "Greatest Game of All Time".


In 2007, Tetris came in second place in IGN's "100 Greatest Video Games of All Time".

IGN is a San Francisco–based games and entertainment media company operated by IGN Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of j2 Global and wholly owned by Ziff Davis.


In January 2010, it was announced that the Tetris franchise had sold more than 170 million copies, approximately 70 million physical copies and over 100 million copies for cell phones, making it the best selling paid-downloaded game of all time.


On 14 March 2014, The Tetris Company announced a deal to bring Tetris to two of the latest hardware platforms, the Xbox One and PlayStation 4, in partnership with Ubisoft and SoMa Play, to coincide with the franchise's 30th anniversary.

Ubisoft Entertainment SA is a French video game publisher, headquartered in Rennes, France.

The Tetris Company, LLC is based in Hawaii and is owned by Henk Rogers and Alexey Pajitnov.

Xbox One is a line of eighth generation home video game consoles developed by Microsoft.

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