The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of constitutional review.
An appellate court, commonly called an appeals court, court of appeals, appeal court, court of second instance or second instance court, is any court of law that is empowered to hear an appeal of a trial court or other lower tribunal.
Constitutional review, or constitutionality review or constitutional control, is the evaluation, in some countries, of the constitutionality of the laws.
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It comprises the Chief Justice of India and 30 other judges.
Supreme Court of India, New Delhi by indiavideodotorg
It has original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions.
An advisory opinion is an opinion issued by a court or a commission like an election commission that does not have the effect of adjudicating a specific legal case, but merely advises on the constitutionality or interpretation of a law.
The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.
Appellate jurisdiction is the power of a higher court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts.
As the final court of appeal of the country, it takes up appeals primarily against verdicts of the High Courts of various States of the Union and other courts and tribunals.
The Supreme Court has extensive original jurisdiction for the protection of fundamental rights of citizens.
It also acts as the court to settle disputes between various governments in the country.
As an advisory court, it hears matters which may specifically be referred to it under the Constitution by the President of India.
The President of the Republic of India is the Head of State of India and the Commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
It also may take cognisance of matters on its own, without anyone drawing its attention.
It was first set up in Calcutta for administration of justice.
The law declared by the Supreme Court becomes binding on all courts within India.