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9 Facts About State Courts

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1

In the United States, a state court has jurisdiction over disputes with some connection to a U.S. state.

Jurisdiction is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.

A U.S. state is a constituent political entity of the United States.

Difference between federal court and state court by LegalYou

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State courts handle the vast majority of civil and criminal cases in the United States; the much smaller in case load and personnel, United States federal courts, handle different types of cases.

The federal judiciary of the United States is one of the three co-equal branches of the federal government of the United States organized under the United States Constitution and laws of the federal government.

Structure of the Court System: Crash Course Government and Politics #19 by CrashCourse

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3

Generally, state courts are common law courts, and apply their respective state laws and procedures to decide cases.

A common law legal system is characterized by case law developed by judges, courts, and similar tribunals, when giving decisions in individual cases that have precedential effect on future cases.

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They are organized pursuant to and apply the law in accordance with their state's constitution, state statutes, and binding decisions of courts in their state court hierarchy.

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Where applicable, they also apply federal law.

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Generally, a single judicial officer, usually called a judge, exercises original jurisdiction by presiding over contested criminal or civil actions which culminate in trials, although most matters stop short of reaching trial.

The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.

A judge presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges.

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The decisions of lower courts may be reviewed by a panel of a state court of appeals.

In law, an appeal is the process in which cases are reviewed, where parties request a formal change to an official decision.

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Generally, there is also a highest court for appeals, a state supreme court, that oversees the court system.

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In matters that involve issues of federal law, the final decision of the state's highest court may be appealed to the United States Supreme Court.

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