Space Exploration Technologies Corporation, better known as SpaceX, is an American aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California, United States.

An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft.

Outer space, deep space, or just space, is the void that exists between celestial bodies, including the Earth.

Hawthorne is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California.


It was founded in 2002 by former PayPal entrepreneur and Tesla Motors CEO Elon Musk with the goal of creating the technologies to reduce space transportation costs and enable the colonization of Mars.

Tesla Motors, Inc. is an American automotive and energy storage company that designs, manufactures, and sells electric cars, electric vehicle powertrain components, and battery products.

Elon Reeve Musk is a South African-born Canadian-American business magnate, investor, engineer and inventor.

Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System, after Mercury.


It has developed theand Falcon 9 launch vehicles, both designed to be reusable, and thespacecraft which is flown into orbit by the Falcon 9 launch vehicle to supply the International Space Station with cargo.

The SpaceX reusable launch system development program is a privately funded program to develop a set of new technologies for an orbital launch system that may be reused many times in a manner similar to the reusability of aircraft.

In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved path of an object about a point in space, for example the orbit of a planet about a star or a natural satellite around a planet.

Falcon 9 is a family of two-stage-to-orbit launch vehicles, named for its use of nine first-stage engines, designed and manufactured by SpaceX.


A manned version ofis in development.


SpaceX is funded by government subsidies and contracts with multiple entities.

The government of the United States of America is the federal government of the republic of fifty states that constitute the United States, as well as one capital district, and several other territories.

A subsidy is a form of financial aid or support extended to an economic sector generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy.


SpaceX's achievements include the first privately funded, liquid-propellant rocket (Falcon 1) to reach orbit, in 2008; the first privately funded company to successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft (Dragon), in 2010; and the first private company to send a spacecraft (Dragon) to the , in 2012.

In economics, capital goods, real capital, or capital assets are already-produced durable goods or any non-financial asset that is used in production of goods or services.

A liquid-propellant rocket or liquid rocket is a rocket engine that uses liquid propellants.


The launch of SES-8, in 2013, was the first SpaceX delivery into geosynchronous orbit, while the launch of the Deep Space Climate Observatory, in 2015, was the company's first delivery beyond Earth orbit.

Earth is the third planet from the Sun, the densest planet in the Solar System, the largest of the Solar System's four terrestrial planets, and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.

Deep Space Climate Observatory is a NOAA Earth observation and space weather satellite launched by SpaceX on a Falcon 9 launch vehicle on February 11, 2015 from Cape Canaveral.

A geosynchronous orbit is an orbit around the Earth with an orbital period of one sidereal day, intentionally matching the Earth's sidereal rotation period.


SpaceX began a privately-funded reusable launch system technology development program in 2011 and, in December 2015, successfully returned a first stage back to a landing pad near the launch site and accomplished a propulsive vertical landing.

A multistage rocket is a rocket that uses two or more stages, each of which contains its own engines and propellant.


This was the first such accomplishment by a rocket on an orbital trajectory.

An orbital spaceflight is a spaceflight in which a spacecraft is placed on a trajectory where it could remain in space for at least one orbit.


On April 8, 2016, with the launch of CRS-8, SpaceX successfully vertically landed a first stage on an ocean drone-ship landing platform on a mission that also delivered a Dragon space capsule to Low Earth Orbit.

A space capsule is an often manned spacecraft which has a simple shape for the main section, without any wings or other features to create lift during atmospheric reentry.

An autonomous spaceport drone ship is an ocean-going vessel derived from a deck barge, outfitted with station-keeping engines and a large landing platform.


On May 6, 2016, SpaceX again landed a first stage, but on a geostationary transfer orbit mission, another first.

A geosynchronous transfer orbit or geostationary transfer orbit is a Hohmann transfer orbit used to reach geosynchronous or geostationary orbit using high thrust chemical engines.


NASA awarded the company a Commercial Orbital Transportation Services contract in 2006, to design and demonstrate a launch system to resupply cargo to the International Space Station (ISS).

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.


SpaceX, as of July 2016 has flown nine missions to the ISS under a cargo resupply contract.

Commercial Resupply Services are a series of contracts awarded by NASA from 2008–2016 for delivery of cargo and supplies to the International Space Station on commercially operated spacecraft.


NASA also awarded SpaceX a contract in 2011 to develop and demonstrate a human-rated Dragon as part of its Commercial Crew Development program to transport crew to the ISS.

Human-rated or man-rated are terms used to describe the certification of a spacecraft, launch vehicle or airplane as worthy of transporting humans.

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