Sonia Maria Sotomayor is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving since August 2009.
Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States.
Associate Justice or Associate Judge is the title for a member of a judicial panel who is not the Chief Justice in some jurisdictions.
Sonia Sotomayor opens up on "60 Minutes" by CBS News
She has the distinction of being its first justice of Hispanic heritage, the first Latina, its third female justice, and its twelfth Roman Catholic justice.
Latino is a term often used to refer to people with cultural ties to Latin America and people of nationalities within the bounds of Latin America, in contrast to Hispanic which is a demonym that includes Spaniards and other speakers of the Spanish language.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.27 billion members worldwide.
The term Hispanic broadly refers to the people, nations, and cultures that have a historical link to Spain.
Justice Sonia Sotomayor, Interview by National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Sotomayor, along with John Roberts and Elena Kagan, is one of the youngest justices on the Supreme Court.
Sotomayor was born in The Bronx, New York City, to Puerto Rican-born parents.
The City of New York, often called New York City, New York, or simply The City, is the most populous city in the United States.
The Bronx is the northernmost of the five boroughs of New York City, within the U.S. state of New York.
Her father died when she was nine, and she was subsequently raised by her mother.
Sotomayor graduated summa c*m laude from Princeton University in 1976 and received her J.D. from Yale Law School in 1979, where she was an editor at the Yale Law Journal.
Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of distinction with which an academic degree was earned.
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey, United States.
Yale Law School is the law school of Yale University, located in New Haven, Connecticut, United States.
She was an advocate for the hiring of Latino faculty at both schools.
She worked as an assistant district attorney in New York for four and a half years before entering private practice in 1984.
In the United States, a District Attorney represents the state government in the prosecution of criminal offenses, and is the chief law enforcement officer and legal officer of that state's jurisdiction.
She played an active role on the boards of directors for the Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund, the State of New York Mortgage Agency, and the New York City Campaign Finance Board.
The Campaign Finance Board of New York City is an independent city agency whose purpose is to increase voter participation and awareness, provide campaign finance information to the public, enable more citizens to run for office, strengthen the role of small contributors, and reduce the potential for actual or perceived corruption.
LatinoJustice PRLDEF, long known by its former name the Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund, is a New York-based national civil rights organization with the goal of changing discriminatory practices via advocacy and litigation.
The State of New York Mortgage Agency is a public authority created in 1970 by the state government of New York to provide affordable homeownership to low- and moderate-income New Yorkers.
Sotomayor was nominated to the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York by President George H. W. Bush in 1991; confirmation followed in 1992.
George Herbert Walker Bush is an American politician who was the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 and the 43rd Vice President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
In 1997, she was nominated by President Bill Clinton to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
William Jefferson Clinton is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Her nomination was slowed by the Republican majority in the United States Senate, but she was eventually confirmed in 1998.
The United States Senate is a legislative chamber in the bicameral legislature of the United States, and together with the House of Representatives makes up the U.S. Congress.
On the Second Circuit, Sotomayor heard appeals in more than 3,000 cases and wrote about 380 opinions.
Sotomayor has taught at the New York University School of Law and Columbia Law School.
In May 2009, President Barack Obama nominated Sotomayor to the Supreme Court following the retirement of Justice David Souter.
Her nomination was confirmed by the Senate in August 2009 by a vote of 68–31.
Sotomayor has supported, while on the court, the informal liberal bloc of justices when they divide along the commonly perceived ideological lines.
During her tenure on the Supreme Court, Sotomayor has been identified with concern for the rights of defendants, calls for reform of the criminal justice system, and making impassioned dissents on issues of race, gender and ethnic identity.