A select committee is a committee made up of a small number of parliamentary members appointed to deal with particular areas or issues originating in the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.
Representative democracy is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government modelled after that which developed in the United Kingdom.
A committee is a body of one or more persons that is subordinate to a deliberative assembly.
What are select committees and how do they work? by UK Parliament
Select committees exist in the British Parliament, as well as in other parliaments based on the Westminster model, such as those in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong and New Zealand.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the Pearl River Delta of East Asia.
New Zealand is an island nation in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
Select Committee on Benghazi Holds Second Hearing by Roll Call
It is a special subcommittee of a legislature or assembly governed under a committee system, like Robert's Rules of Order.
Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, commonly referred to as Robert’s Rules of Order, is the most widely-used manual of parliamentary procedure in America.
They are often investigative in nature, collecting data or evidence for a law or problem, and will dissolve immediately after they report their findings to their superiors.
These are very common in government legislatures, and are used to solve special problems, hence their name.