GossipSloth

Sake

1

Sake, also spelled saké in English, is a Japanese rice wine made by fermenting rice that has been polished to remove the bran.

Rice wine, also known as mijiu, is an alcoholic drink made from rice, traditionally consumed in East Asia, Southeast Asia, and South Asia.

Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented grapes, generally Vitis vinifera or its hybrids with Vitis labrusca or Vitis rupestris.

The process of fermentation in winemaking turns grape juice into an alcoholic beverage.

What is Sake? by WatchMojo.com

2

Unlike wine, in which alcohol is produced by fermenting sugar that is naturally present in grapes, sake is produced by a brewing process more like that of beer, where the starch is converted into sugars before being converted to alcohol.

Beer is the world's most widely consumed and probably the oldest alcoholic beverage; it is the third most popular drink overall, after water and tea.

Brewing is the production of beer by steeping a starch source in water and fermenting the resulting sweet liquid with yeast.

Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.

Nada Sake Brewery 【Hyogo Japan】 by LetsJapanCh

3

The brewing process for sake differs from the process for beer in that, for beer, the conversion from starch to sugar and from sugar to alcohol occurs in two discrete steps.

4

Like other rice wines, when sake is brewed, these conversions occur simultaneously.

5

Furthermore, the alcohol content differs between sake, wine, and beer.

6

Wine generally contains 9%–16% ABV, while most beer contains 3%–9%, and undiluted sake contains 18%–20%.

Alcohol by volume is a standard measure of how much alcohol is contained in a given volume of an alcoholic beverage.

7

In the Japanese language, the word "sake" can refer to any alcoholic drink, while the beverage called "sake" in English is usually termed nihonshu.

An alcoholic drink, or alcoholic beverage, is a drink that contains a substantial amount of ethanol, a depressant which in low doses causes euphoria, reduced anxiety, and sociability and in higher doses causes intoxication, stupor and unconsciousness.

Japanese is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language.

Go-on are one of the several possible ways of reading Japanese kanji.

8

Under Japanese liquor laws, sake is labelled with the word seishu, a synonym less commonly used in conversation.

9

In Japan, where it is the national beverage, sake is often served with special ceremony – gently warmed in a small earthenware or porcelain bottle called a tokkuri, and sipped from a small porcelain cup called a sakazuki.

Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating materials, generally including kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between 1,200 and 1,400 °C.

A sake set is a generic term for the flask and cups used to serve sake.

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