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15 Facts About Sacramento, California

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Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.

A capital city is the municipality enjoying primary status in a country, state, province, or other region, usually as its seat of government.

California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area.

My Hometown - Sacramento California by Ethan Vanderbuilt

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It is at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in the northern portion of California's expansive Central Valley.

The American River is a 119 mile long California river which runs from the Sierra Nevada mountain range to its confluence with the Sacramento River in the San Joaquin Valley.

Downtown - Sacramento California {HD} by igorg003

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Its estimated 2014 population of 485,199 made it the sixth-largest city in California, and the 35th largest city in the United States.

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Sacramento is the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which includes seven counties with a 2010 population of 2,414,783.

The Greater Sacramento area, or officially Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Yuba City, CA-NV Combined Statistical Area, is a combined statistical area consisting of several metropolitan statistical areas and seven counties in Northern California and one in Western Nevada, namely Sacramento, Yolo, El Dorado, Placer, Sutter, Yuba, and Nevada counties in California, and Douglas County in Nevada.

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Its metropolitan area is the fourth largest in California after the Greater Los Angeles area, the San Francisco Bay Area, and the San Diego metropolitan area, and is the 27th largest in the United States.

The Greater Los Angeles Area is the second-largest urban region in the United States, encompassing five counties in Southern California, extending from Ventura County in the west to San Bernardino County and Riverside County on the east, with Los Angeles County in the center and Orange County to the south.

The San Francisco Bay is a shallow estuary that drains water from approximately 40% of California.

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In 2002, the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University conducted for TIME magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City".

Harvard University is a private, Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, established in 1636, whose history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most prestigious universities.

Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in apparently irreversible succession from the past through the present to the future.

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Sacramento became a city through the efforts of the Swiss immigrant John Sutter, Sr., his son John Augustus Sutter, Jr., and James W. Marshall.

Johann Augustus Sutter, born Johann August Suter, was a German-born Swiss pioneer of California known for his association with the California Gold Rush by the discovery of gold by James W. Marshall and the mill making team at Sutter's Mill, and for establishing Sutter's Fort in the area that would eventually become Sacramento, the state's capital.

James Wilson Marshall was an American carpenter and sawmill operator, who reported the finding of gold at Coloma on the American River in California on January 24, 1848, the impetus for the California Gold Rush.

John Augustus Sutter, Jr. was the founder and planner of the City of Sacramento, California, a U.S. Consul in Acapulco, Mexico and the son of Swiss-born American pioneer John Augustus Sutter, Sr.

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Sacramento grew quickly thanks to the protection of Sutter's Fort, which was established by Sutter in 1839.

Sutter's Fort was a 19th-century agricultural and trade colony in the Mexican Alta California province.

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During the California Gold Rush, Sacramento was a major distribution point, a commercial and agricultural center, and a terminus for wagon trains, stagecoaches, riverboats, the telegraph, the Pony Express, and the First Transcontinental Railroad.

The First Transcontinental Railroad was a 1,912-mile contiguous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network at Omaha, NebraskaAlameda to Sacramento, California.

The California Gold Rush began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.

A riverboat is a watercraft designed for inland navigation on lakes, rivers, and artificial waterways.

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The city was named after the Sacramento River, which forms its western border.

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The river was named by Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santísimo Sacramento, referring to the Catholic Eucharist.

Gabriel Moraga was a Spanish army officer in the Viceroyalty of New Spain, an Alta California explorer, and son of the pioneer José Joaquín Moraga.

The Eucharist is a Christian rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches.

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California State University, Sacramento, more commonly known as Sacramento State or Sac State, is the largest university in the city and one of 23 campuses in the California State University system.

California State University, Sacramento, founded in 1947 as Sacramento State College, is a public comprehensive university in the city of Sacramento, the capital city of the U.S. state of California.

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University of the Pacific's Sacramento Campus is a private university with one of its three campuses in Sacramento.

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In addition, the University of California, Davis, is in nearby Davis, 15 miles west of the capital.

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The UC Davis Medical Center, a world-renowned research hospital, is located in the city of Sacramento.

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