Ruth Joan Bader Ginsburg is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States.
Associate Justice or Associate Judge is the title for a member of a judicial panel who is not the Chief Justice in some jurisdictions.
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Ginsburg was appointed by President Bill Clinton and took the oath of office on August 10, 1993.
An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations.
William Jefferson Clinton is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
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She is the second female justice and one of three female justices currently serving on the Supreme Court.
She is generally viewed as belonging to the liberal wing of the Court.
Before becoming a judge, Ginsburg spent a considerable portion of her legal career as an advocate for the advancement of women's rights as a constitutional principle.
Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls of many societies worldwide, and formed the basis to the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century.
She advocated as a volunteer lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Union and was a member of its board of directors and one of its general counsel in the 1970s.
The American Civil Liberties Union is a nonpartisan, non-profit organization whose stated mission is "to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States."
She was a professor at Rutgers School of Law–Newark and Columbia Law School.
Rutgers Law School is the oldest of the three law schools in the U.S. state of New Jersey.
In 1980, President Jimmy Carter appointed her to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr. is an American politician and author who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.