Russian is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and many minor or unrecognised territories.
Belarus, officially the Republic of Belarus, formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country in northern Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
HOW TO Learn Russian? RUSSIAN language for beginners. First rule "How to learn this language?" by Maria Zdorovetskaya
It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Ukraine and Latvia, and to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics of the Soviet Union and former participants of the Eastern Bloc.
Ukraine is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated to USSR, was a socialist state on the Eurasian continent that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Latvia, officially the Republic of Latvia, is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, one of the three Baltic states.
The Russian Language by Langfocus
Russian belongs to the family of Indo-European languages and is one of the four living members of the East Slavic languages.
The East Slavic languages constitute one of three regional subgroups of Slavic languages, currently spoken in Eastern Europe.
It is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia and the most widely spoken of the Slavic languages.
It is also the largest native language in Europe, with 144 million native speakers in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.
A first language is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.
Russian is the eighth most spoken language in the world by number of native speakers and the seventh by total number of speakers.
The language is one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation.
Russian distinguishes between consonant phonemes with palatal secondary articulation and those without, the so-called soft and hard sounds.
Secondary articulation occurs when the articulation of a consonant is equivalent to the combined articulations of two or three simpler consonants, at least one of which is an approximant.
In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.
This distinction is found between pairs of almost all consonants and is one of the most distinguishing features of the language.
Another important aspect is the reduction of unstressed vowels.
Stress, which is unpredictable, is not normally indicated orthographically though an optional acute accent may be used to mark stress, such as to distinguish between homographic words, for example замо́к and за́мок, or to indicate the proper pronunciation of uncommon words or names.
The acute accent is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.
A homograph is a word that shares the same written form as another word but has a different meaning.