Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
The President of the United States of America is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
An actor is one who portrays a character in a performance.
Ronald Reagan's one-liners by CBS Sunday Morning
Prior to his presidency, he was the 33rd Governor of California from 1967 to 1975, following a career as a Hollywood actor and union leader.
The Governor of California is the chief executive of the California state government, commander-in-chief of the California National Guard and the California State Military Reserve, whose responsibilities also include making annual State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that state laws are enforced.
Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California.
Ronald Reagan tells joke about Democrats by Winston Blair
Raised in a poor family in small towns of northern Illinois, Ronald Reagan graduated from Eureka College in 1932 and worked as a sports announcer on several regional radio stations.
Eureka College is a liberal arts college in Eureka, Illinois, related by covenant to the Christian Church.
After moving to Hollywood in 1937, he became an actor and starred in a few major productions.
Reagan was twice elected as President of the Screen Actors Guild, the labor union for actors, where he worked to root out Communist influence.
The Screen Actors Guild was an American labor union which represented over 100,000 film and television principal and background performers worldwide.
In the 1950s, he moved into television and was a motivational speaker at General Electric factories.
General Electric is an American multinational conglomerate corporation incorporated in New York, and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
Having been a lifelong Democrat, his views changed.
He became a conservative and in 1962 switched to the Republican Party.
In 1964, Reagan's speech, "A Time for Choosing", in support of Barry Goldwater's floundering presidential campaign, earned him national attention as a new conservative spokesman.
Barry Morris Goldwater was an American politician and businessman who was a five-term United States Senator from Arizona and the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 1964 election.
"A Time for Choosing", also known as "The Speech", was a speech presented during the 1964 U.S. presidential election campaign by future president Ronald Reagan on behalf of Republican candidate Barry Goldwater.
Building a network of supporters, he was elected Governor of California in 1966.
As governor, Reagan raised taxes, turned a state budget deficit to a surplus, challenged the protesters at the University of California, ordered National Guard troops in during a period of protest movements in 1969, and was re-elected in 1970.
He twice ran unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the U.S. presidency in 1968 and 1976; four years later, he easily won the nomination outright, going on to be elected the oldest President, defeating incumbent Jimmy Carter in 1980.
James Earl "Jimmy" Carter Jr. is an American politician and author who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Entering the presidency in 1981, Reagan implemented sweeping new political and economic initiatives.
His supply-side economic policies, dubbed "Reaganomics", advocated tax rate reduction to spur economic growth, control of the money supply to curb inflation, economic deregulation, and reduction in government spending.
In his first term he survived an assassination attempt, escalated the War on Drugs, and fought public-sector labor.
"The War on Drugs" is an American term commonly applied to a campaign of prohibition of drugs, military aid, and military intervention, with the stated aim being to reduce the illegal drug trade.
Over his two terms, his economic policies saw a reduction of inflation from 12.5% to 4.4%, and an average annual growth of real GDP of 3.4%; while Reagan did enact cuts in domestic discretionary spending, increased military spending contributed to increased federal outlays overall, even after adjustment for inflation.
During his re-election bid, Reagan campaigned on the notion that it was "Morning in America", winning a landslide in 1984 with the largest electoral college victory in history.
"Prouder, Stronger, Better", commonly referred to by the name "Morning in America", is a 1984 political campaign television commercial, known for its opening line, "It's morning again in America."
Foreign affairs dominated his second term, including ending of the Cold War, the bombing of Libya, and the Iran–Contra affair.
The Iran–Contra affair, also referred to as Irangate, Contragate or the Iran–Contra scandal, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.
The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc and powers in the Eastern Bloc.
Publicly describing the Soviet Union as an "evil empire", he transitioned Cold War policy from détente to rollback, by escalating an arms race with the USSR while engaging in talks with Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, which culminated in the INF Treaty, shrinking both countries' nuclear arsenals.
The phrase evil empire was first applied to the Soviet Union in 1983 by U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who took an aggressive, hard-line stance that favored matching and exceeding the Soviet Union's strategic and global military capabilities, in calling for a rollback strategy that would, in his words, "write the final pages of the history of the Soviet Union."
In political science, rollback is the strategy of forcing change in the major policies of a state, usually by replacing its ruling regime.
An arms race, in its original usage, is a competition between two or more parties to have the best armed forces.
During his famous speech at the Brandenburg Gate, President Reagan challenged Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!
"Tear down this wall!" is a line from a speech made by US President Ronald Reagan in West Berlin on June 12, 1987, calling for the leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, to open up the barrier which had divided West and East Berlin since 1961.
The Brandenburg Gate is an 18th-century neoclassical monument in Berlin, and one of the best-known landmarks of Germany.