Refugees of the Syrian Civil War or Syrian refugees are citizens and permanent residents of Syrian Arab Republic, who have fled from their country since the onset of the Syrian Civil War in 2011 and have sought asylum in other countries.
Syria, officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
A refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely.
The Syrian Civil War is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria in which international interventions have taken place.
Number of Syrian refugees rises above 2 million by CNN
In 2016, the United Nations identified 13.5 million Syrians requiring humanitarian assistance, of which more than 6 million are internally displaced within Syria, and over 4.8 million are refugees outside of Syria.
The Syrian War Explained by Keith Hughes
In January 2017, UNHCR counted 4,863,684 registered refugees.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme mandated to protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
Turkey is the largest host country of registered refugees with over 2.7 million Syrian refugees.
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly on the Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Saudi Arabia claims to have received nearly 2.5 million Syrian citizens as of 2016, but without registering them as refugees.
Assistance to internally displaced persons within Syria, and Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries, is planning largely through the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
In 2016, pledges have been made to the UNHCR, by various nations, to permanently resettle 170,000 registered refugees.