5 Facts About the Red Sea Rift


The Red Sea Rift is a spreading center between two tectonic plates, the African Plate and the Arabian Plate.

Plate tectonics is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.

The African Plate is a major tectonic plate straddling the equator as well as the prime meridian.

The Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.

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It extends from the Dead Sea Transform fault system, and ends at an intersection with the Aden Ridge and the East African Rift, forming the Afar Triple Junction in the Afar Depression of the Horn of Africa.

The Dead Sea Transform fault system, also sometimes referred to as the Dead Sea Rift, is a series of faults that run from the Maras Triple Junction to the northern end of the Red Sea Rift.

The Aden Ridge is a part of an active oblique rift system located in the Gulf of Aden, between Somalia and the Arabian Peninsula to the north.

The Afar Triangle is a geological depression caused by the Afar Triple Junction, which is part of the Great Rift Valley in East Africa.

G2/P2: Great African Rift Valley, World-Geography: Africa & S.E.Asian Islands by Mrunal Patel


The Red Sea Rift was formed by the divergence between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate.


The rift transitioned from a continental rift to an oceanic rift.

In plate tectonics, a divergent boundary or divergent plate boundary is a linear feature that exists between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other.


Magnetic anomalies suggest that the spreading rate on either side of the Red Sea is about 1 cmMa.

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