Recorded History


Recorded history or written history is a historical narrative based on a written record or other documented communication.

Communication is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.

History is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.



Recorded history can be contrasted with other narratives of the past, such as mythological, oral or archeological traditions.

A myth is any traditional story consisting of events that are ostensibly historical, explaining the origins of a cultural practice or natural phenomenon.

1946 The First man-made massive tsunami ever recorded in History by atomic tests channel


For broader world history, recorded history begins with the accounts of the ancient world around the 4th millennium BC, and coincides with the invention of writing.

The history of writing traces the development of expressing language by letters or other marks and also the study and description of these developments.

World history, global history or transnational history is a field of historical study that emerged as a distinct academic field in the 1980s.

The 4th millennium BC spans the years 4000 through 3000 BC.


Examples of written texts, however, can be found dating as far back as 1750 BCE in Ancient Mesopotamia, such as Hammurabi's Code.

Mesopotamia was a historical region situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq plus Kuwait, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish-Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.


For some geographic regions or cultures, written history is limited to a relatively recent period in human history because of the limited use of written records.


Moreover, human cultures do not always record all of the information relevant to later historians, such as the full impact of natural disasters or the names of individuals; thus, recorded history for particular types of information is limited based on the types of records kept.

Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts, expressing the author's imaginative or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.

A historian is a person who researches, studies, and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it.


Because of these limits, recorded history in different contexts may refer to different periods of time depending on the historical topic.


The interpretation of recorded history often relies on historical method, or the set of techniques and guidelines by which historians use primary sources and other evidence to research and then to write accounts of the past.

Historical method comprises the techniques and guidelines by which historians use primary sources and other evidence, including the evidence of archaeology, to research and then to write histories in the form of accounts of the past.

In the study of history as an academic discipline, a primary source is an artifact, a document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, a recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study.


The question of the nature, and even the possibility, of an effective method for interpreting recorded history is raised in the philosophy of history as a question of epistemology.

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.

The term philosophy of history refers to the theoretical aspect of history, in two senses.

Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.


The study of different historical methods is known as historiography, which focuses on examining how different interpreters of recorded history create different interpretations of historical evidence.

Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject.

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