The pug is a breed of dog with physically distinctive features of a wrinkly, short-muzzled face, and curled tail.
The domestic dog is a domesticated canid which has been selectively bred over millennia for various behaviours, sensory capabilities, and physical attributes.
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The breed has a fine, glossy coat that comes in a variety of colours, most often fawn or black, and a compact square body with well-developed muscles.
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Pugs were brought from China to Europe in the sixteenth century and were popularized in Western Europe by the House of Orange of the Netherlands, and the House of Stuart.
The House of Orange-Nassau, a branch of the European House of Nassau, has played a central role in the politics and government of the Netherlands and Europe especially since William the Silent organized the Dutch revolt against Spanish rule, which after the Eighty Years' War led to an independent Dutch state.
The House of Stuart, originally Stewart, was a European royal house of Scotland, with historical connections to Brittany.
China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia.
In the United Kingdom, in the nineteenth century, Queen Victoria developed a passion for pugs which she passed on to other members of the Royal family.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.
A companion dog is a dog that does not work, providing only companionship as a pet, rather than usefulness by doing specific tasks.
The American Kennel Club describes the breed's personality as "even-tempered and charming".
A kennel club is an organization for canine affairs that concerns itself with the breeding, showing and promotion of more than one breed of dog.
A pug was judged Best in Show at the World Dog Show in 2004.
The World Dog Show is a Fédération Cynologique Internationale-sanctioned, four- to six-day-long international dog show, held yearly since 1971.