Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II.
Duke of Edinburgh, named after the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, is a title that has been created four times for members of the British royal family since 1726.
Elizabeth II is, and has been since her accession in 1952, Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, and Head of the Commonwealth.
Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 local government council areas.
The Duke: A Portrait of Prince Philip Part 1 by AngelDocs
A member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Philip was born into the Greek and Danish royal families.
The House of Glücksburg is a Dano-German ducal and royal family and a branch of the House of Oldenburg, members of which have at various times reigned in Denmark, Norway, Greece and several northern German states.
Prince Philip interview by George Pollen
He was born in Greece, but his family was exiled from the country when he was an infant.
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, also known since ancient times as Hellas, is a country located in southeastern Europe.
After being educated in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, he joined the Royal Navy in 1939, aged 18.
France, officially the French Republic, is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country consisting of territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign state in western Europe.
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe.
From July 1939, he began corresponding with the 13-year-old Princess Elizabeth, whom he had first met in 1934.
During the Second World War he served with the Mediterranean and Pacific fleets.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.
After the war, Philip was granted permission by King George VI to marry Elizabeth.
George VI was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death.
Before the official announcement of their engagement, he abandoned his Greek and Danish royal titles and became a naturalised British subject, adopting the surname Mountbatten from his maternal grandparents.
The term British subject has had a number of different legal meanings over time.
After an engagement of five months, he married Elizabeth on 20 November 1947.
Just before the wedding, he was created Duke of Edinburgh.
Philip left active military service when Elizabeth became Queen in 1952, having reached the rank of commander.
He was formally made a Prince of the United Kingdom in 1957.
The title of Prince of the United Kingdom is granted by the reigning British monarch, who is the fount of all honours, and is conferred through the issuing of letters patent as an expression of the royal will.
Philip has four children with Elizabeth: Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, and Prince Edward.
He has eight grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.
Through a British Order in Council issued in 1960, descendants of Philip and Elizabeth not bearing royal styles and titles can use the surname Mountbatten-Windsor, which has also been used by some members of the royal family who do hold titles, such as Charles and Anne.
An Order in Council is a type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.
A keen sports enthusiast, Philip helped develop the equestrian event of carriage driving.
He is a patron of over 800 organisations and serves as chairman of the Duke of Edinburgh's Award scheme for people aged 14 to 24.
The Duke of Edinburgh's Award, is the generic name for a youth awards programme founded in the United Kingdom in 1956 by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, that has since expanded to 144 nations.
He is the longest-serving consort of a reigning British monarch and the oldest-ever male member of the British royal family.