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Potential Energy

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In physics, potential energy is the energy held by an object because of its position relative to other objects, stresses within itself, its electric charge, or other factors.

Electric charge is the physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when placed in an electromagnetic field.

In physics, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms.

Potential Energy by Manocha Academy

2

Common types of potential energy include the gravitational potential energy of an object that depends on its mass and its distance from the center of mass of another object, the elastic potential energy of an extended spring, and the electric potential energy of an electric charge in an electric field.

Electric potential energy, or Electrostatic potential energy, is a potential energy that results from conservative Coulomb forces and is associated with the configuration of a particular set of point charges within a defined system.

In classical mechanics, the gravitational potential at a location is equal to the work per unit mass that would be needed to move an object to that location from a fixed reference location.

Elastic energy is the mechanical potential energy stored in the configuration of a material or physical system as it is subjected to elastic deformation by work performed upon it.

Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy by The Organic Chemistry Tutor

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The unit for energy in the International System of Units is the joule, which has the symbol J.

The International System of Units is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.

4

The term potential energy was introduced by the 19th-century Scottish engineer and physicist William Rankine, although it has links to Greek philosopher Aristotle's concept of potentiality.

William John Macquorn Rankine LLD was a Scottish mechanical engineer who also contributed to civil engineering, physics and mathematics.

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidice, on the northern periphery of Classical Greece.

5

Potential energy is associated with forces that act on a body in a way that the total work done by these forces on the body depends only on the initial and final positions of the body in space.

In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object.

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These forces, that are called conservative forces, can be represented at every point in space by vectors expressed as gradients of a certain scalar function called potential.

A conservative force is a force with the property that the total work done in moving a particle between two points is independent of the taken path.

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Since the work of potential forces acting on a body that moves from a start to an end position is determined only by these two positions, and does not depend on the trajectory of the body, there is a function known as potential that can be evaluated at the two positions to determine this work.

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