GossipSloth

Polish Americans

1

Polish Americans are Americans who have total or partial Polish ancestry.

Polish Americans - Stefanie Powers by Hartbeat4us

2

There are an estimated 9.5 million Polish Americans, representing about 3% of the U.S. population.

Polish Americans Documentary by keepfocusongood

3

Polish Americans are the largest Slavic ethnic group in the United States, second largest Central and Eastern European group and the eighth largest immigrant group overall.

Central and Eastern Europe, abbreviated CEE, is a generic term for the group of countries in Central Europe, Southeast Europe, Northern Europe, and Eastern Europe, usually meaning former communist states in Europe.

4

The first Polish settlers arrived at Walter Raleigh's failed Roanoke Colony in 1585.

Sir Walter Raleigh was an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy and explorer.

5

In 1608 Polish settlers came to the Virginia Colony as skilled craftsmen.

6

Two early immigrants, Kazimierz Pułaski and Tadeusz Kościuszko, led armies in the Revolutionary War and are remembered as national heroes.

Kazimierz Michał Władysław Wiktor Pułaski of Ślepowron was a Polish noblemanb, soldier and military commander who has been called with his Hungarian friend Michael Kovats de Fabriczy "the fathers of the American cavalry".

Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko was a Polish–Lithuanian military engineer and a military leader who became a national hero in Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, and the United States.

7

Overall, more than one million Poles and Polish subjects have immigrated to the United States, primarily during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

8

Exact immigration numbers are unknown.

9

Many immigrants were classified as "Russian", "German", and "Austrian" by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service because the Polish state did not exist from 1795 to 1918, and thus the former territories of Poland at this time were under Prussian, Austrian-Hungarian and Russian control.

The United States Immigration and Naturalization Service was an agency of the U.S. Department of Justice from 1933 to 2003.

10

Complicating the U.S. Census figures further are the high proportion of Polish Americans who marry outside their ethnicity; in 1940, about 50 percent married other American ethnics, and a study in 1988 found that 54 percent of Polish Americans three generations or higher had been of mixed ancestry.

11

The Polish American Cultural Center places a figure of Americans who have some Polish ancestry at 19-20 million.

12

In 2000, 667,414 Americans over 5 years old reported Polish as the language spoken at home, which is about 1.4% of the census groups who speak a language other than English or 0.25% of the U.S. population.

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