Pocahontas was a Native American notable for her association with the colonial settlement at Jamestown, Virginia.
Pocahontas is a 1995 American animated epic musical romantic-drama film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures.
Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state located in the Mid-Atlantic and South Atlantic regions of the United States.
Native American tribes in Virginia are the indigenous tribes located in what is now the Commonwealth of Virginia.
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Pocahontas was the daughter of Powhatan, the paramount chief of a network of tributary tribal nations in the Tsenacommacah, encompassing the Tidewater region of Virginia.
Powhatan, whose proper name was Wahunsenacawh, was the paramount chief of Tsenacommacah, an alliance of Algonquian-speaking Virginia Indians in the Tidewater region of Virginia at the time English settlers landed at Jamestown in 1607.
A paramount chief is the English language designation for the highest-level political leader in a regional or local polity or country administered politically with a chief-based system.
Tsenacommacah is the name given by the Powhatan people to their native homeland, the area encompassing all of Tidewater Virginia and parts of the Eastern Shore.
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In a well-known historical anecdote, she is said to have saved the life of an Indian captive, Englishman John Smith, in 1607 by placing her head upon his own when her father raised his war club to execute him.
John Smith, Admiral of New England, was an English soldier, explorer, and author.
Some historians have suggested that this story, as told by Smith, is untrue.
Pocahontas was captured by the English during Anglo-Indian hostilities in 1613, and held for ransom.
During her captivity, she converted to Christianity and took the name Rebecca.
Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Rebecca appears in the Hebrew Bible as the wife of Isaac and the mother of Jacob and Esau.
When the opportunity arose for her to return to her people, she chose to remain with the English.
In April 1614, she married tobacco planter John Rolfe, and in January 1615, bore their son, Thomas Rolfe.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.
In 1616, the Rolfes traveled to London.
Pocahontas was presented to English society as an example of the "civilized savage" in hopes of stimulating investment in the Jamestown settlement.
A noble savage is a literary stock character who embodies the concept of an idealized indigene, outsider, or "other" who has not been "corrupted" by civilization, and therefore symbolizes humanity's innate goodness.
She became something of a celebrity, was elegantly fêted, and attended a masque at Whitehall Palace.
The Palace of Whitehall was the main residence of the English monarchs in London from 1530 until 1698 when most of its structures, except for Inigo Jones's 1622 Banqueting House, were destroyed by fire.
The masque was a form of festive courtly entertainment that flourished in 16th- and early 17th-century Europe, though it was developed earlier in Italy, in forms including the intermedio.
In 1617, the Rolfes set sail for Virginia, but Pocahontas died at Gravesend of unknown causes.
Gravesend is an ancient town in north west Kent, England, situated 21 miles east south-east of Charing Cross on the south bank of the Thames Estuary and opposite Tilbury in Essex.
She was buried in a church in Gravesend in the United Kingdom, but the exact location of her grave is unknown.
Numerous places, landmarks, and products in the United States have been named after Pocahontas.
Her story has been romanticized over the years, and she is a subject of art, literature, and film.
Her descendants, through her son Thomas, include members of the First Families of Virginia, First Lady Edith Wilson, American Western actor Glenn Strange, and astronomer Percival Lowell.
The First Lady of the United States, is an unofficial title and position traditionally held by the wife of the President of the United States, concurrent with the president's term of office.
First Families of Virginia were those families in Colonial Virginia who were socially prominent and wealthy, but not necessarily the earliest settlers.
Percival Lawrence Lowell was an American businessman, author, mathematician, and astronomer who fueled speculation that there were canals on Mars.