Phoenix is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Arizona.
A U.S. state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
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With 1,563,025 people, Phoenix is the sixth most populous city nationwide, the most populous state capital in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than 1 million residents.
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Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is a part of the Salt River Valley.
The Phoenix Metropolitan Area – often referred to as the Valley of the Sun, the Salt River Valley or Metro Phoenix – is a metropolitan area, centered on the city of Phoenix, that includes much of the central part of the U.S. State of Arizona.
The metropolitan area is the 12th largest by population in the United States, with approximately 4.3 million people as of 2010.
In addition, Phoenix is the county seat of Maricopa County and is one of the largest cities in the United States by land area.
The Maricopa or Piipaash, are a Native American tribe, who live in the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community and Gila River Indian Community along with the Pima, a tribe with whom the Maricopa have long held a positive relationship.
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish.
Settled in 1867 as an agricultural community near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers, Phoenix incorporated as a city in 1881.
The Gila River is a 649-mile tributary of the Colorado River flowing through New Mexico and Arizona in the United States.
Located in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert, Phoenix has a subtropical desert climate.
Desert climate, also known as an arid climate, is a climate that does not meet the criteria to be classified as a polar climate, and in which precipitation is too low to sustain any vegetation at all, or at most a very scanty shrub.
The Sonoran Desert is a North American desert which covers large parts of the Southwestern United States in Arizona and California, and of Northwestern Mexico in Sonora, Baja California and Baja California Sur.
Sonora, officially the Free and Sovereign State of Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of Mexico.
Despite this, its canal system led to a thriving farming community, many of the original crops remaining important parts of the Phoenix economy for decades, such as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, and hay.
Citrus is a genus of flowering trees and shrubs in the rue family, Rutaceae.
In fact, the "Five C's", remained the driving forces of Phoenix's economy until after World War II, when high-tech industries began to move into the valley and air conditioning made residences much more comfortable in the very hot summers.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.
The city averaged a 4 percent annual population growth rate over a 40-year period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s.
This growth rate slowed during the Great Recession of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly.
Following the bursting of the housing bubble in mid-2007, and the housing market correction and subprime mortgage crisis the following year, the United States entered a severe recession.
Phoenix is the cultural center of the Valley of the Sun, as well as the entire state.