The parable of the Good Samaritan is a didactic story told by Jesus in Luke 10:25–37.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, was a Jewish preacher and religious leader who has become the central figure of Christianity.
The Samaritans are an ethnoreligious group of the Levant originating from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East.
Parables of Jesus: Parable of the Good Samaritan by Mormon Channel
It is about a traveler who is stripped of clothing, beaten, and left half dead alongside the road.
The Parable of the Good Samaritan by David Hill
First a priest and then a Levite comes by, but both avoid the man.
A priest or priestess, is a person authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deities.
In Jewish tradition, a Levite is a member of the Israelite Tribe of Levi, descended from Levi, the third son of Jacob and Leah.
Finally, a Samaritan comes by.
Samaritans and Jews generally despised each other, but the Samaritan helps the injured man.
The Jews, also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious group originating from the Israelites, or Hebrews, of the Ancient Near East.
Jesus is described as telling the parable in response to the question from a lawyer, "And who is my neighbour?"
whom Leviticus Lev 19:18 says should be loved.
Jesus answers his question in who is his neighbour, but also tells him to love his neighbour.
His answer corresponds to his words the Gospel of Matthew 5:43-48, to love his enemy.
The Gospel According to Matthew is the first book of the New Testament.
Portraying a Samaritan in a positive light would have come as a shock to Jesus' audience.
It is typical of his provocative speech in which conventional expectations are inverted.
Some Christians, such as Augustine, have interpreted the parable allegorically, with the Samaritan representing Jesus Christ, who saves the sinful soul.
Others, however, discount this allegory as unrelated to the parable's original meaning and see the parable as exemplifying the ethics of Jesus.
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor whose vehicle may be a character, place or event, representing real-world issues and occurrences.
The parable has inspired painting, sculpture, satire, poetry, and film.
The colloquial phrase "good Samaritan", meaning someone who helps a stranger, derives from this parable, and many hospitals and charitable organizations are named after the Good Samaritan.
A colloquialism is a word, phrase, or other form used in informal language.