Our Lady of Fátima, is a Roman Catholic title of the Blessed Virgin Mary based on the famed Marian apparitions reported in 1917 by three shepherd children at the Cova da Iria, in Fátima, Portugal.
Mary, also known by various titles, styles and honorifics, was a 1st-century Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.28 billion members worldwide.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country on the Iberian Peninsula, in Southwestern Europe.
MESSAGE OF OUR LADY OF FATIMA by MENSAJERO MARIANO Antonio Santos
The three children were Lúcia Santos and her cousins Jacinta and Francisco Marto.
Francisco de Jesus Marto, his sister Jacinta de Jesus Marto, also known as Saints Francisco and Jacinta Marto, and their cousin Lúcia Santos were the children from Aljustrel, a small hamlet near Fátima, Portugal, who said they witnessed three apparitions of the Angel of Peace in 1916 and several apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Cova da Iria in 1917.
Lúcia de Jesus dos Santos, O.C.D., also known as Lúcia of Fátima and by her religious name Sister Maria Lúcia of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart, was a Portuguese Catholic Carmelite nun and one of the three children, including her cousins, Jacinta and Francisco Marto, to witness the 1917 Marian apparitions in Fátima.
Our Lady of Fatima, the Third Secret and the end of the world † by ann I.C. joachim
Beginning in the spring of 1917, the children reported apparitions of an Angel, and starting in May of 1917, apparitions of the Virgin Mary.
The children reported a prophecy that prayer would lead to an end to the Great War, and a prophecy that a miracle would occur on October 13th of that year.
Prophecy involves a process in which one or more messages are allegedly communicated to a prophet by a god or spirit and often are then communicated to other people.
World War I, also known as the First World War, or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Many pilgrims began visiting the area in response to the prophecies.
The events of October 13th became known as the Miracle of the Sun.
The Miracle of the Sun was an event which occurred on 13 October 1917, attended by a large crowd who had gathered near Fátima, Portugal in response to a prophecy made by three shepherd children that the Virgin Mary, referred to as Our Lady of Fatima, would appear and perform miracles on that date.
On 13 May 1946, Pope Pius XII granted a canonical coronation to the venerated image enshrined at the Chapel of the Apparitions of Fátima via his apostolic legate, Cardinal Benedetto Aloisi Masella.
A Canonical Coronation is a pious institutional act of the Pope, duly expressed through a Papal Bull in which a Papal Legate or a Papal Nuncio designates a crown, tiara or stellar halo towards a Marian, Josephian or Christological image under a specific devotional title that is being venerated in a particular diocese or locality.
The Chapel of the Apparitions is a small chapel located in Cova da Iria that was constructed in the 1920s to mark the exact location where three little shepherd children reported having received the famous apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Fátima, Portugal.
Benedetto Aloisi Masella was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Prefect of the Discipline of the Sacraments from 1954 to 1968, and as Chamberlain of the Roman Church from 1958 until his death.
On 11 November 1954, the same Pontiff later raised the Sanctuary of Fátima to the status of Minor Basilica by his Papal brief Luce Superna.
A pontiff was, in Roman antiquity, a member of the most illustrious of the colleges of priests of the Roman religion, the College of Pontiffs.
Minor basilica is a title given to some Roman Catholic church buildings.
The reported apparitions at Fátima were officially declared worthy of belief by the Catholic Church, which commemorates the event on the same date.
The published memoirs of Lúcia Santos' in the 1930s revealed two secrets that she claimed came from the Virgin while the third secret was to be revealed by the Catholic Church in 1960.
The controversial events at Fátima gained fame due partly to elements of the secrets, prophecy and eschatological revelations allegedly related to the Second World War and possibly more global wars in the future, particularly the Virgin's alleged request for the Consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.
The Immaculate Heart of Mary is a devotional name used to refer to the interior life of the Blessed Virgin Mary, her joys and sorrows, her virtues and hidden perfections, and, above all, her virginal love for God the Father, her maternal love for her son Jesus, and her compassionate love for all people.
The Consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary by a specific act of a Pope along with all the other Catholic bishops of the world was ordered in an apparition by Our Lady of Fátima in 1917.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.