Oprah Gail Winfrey is an American media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist.
A media proprietor or media mogul refers to a successful entrepreneur or businessperson who controls, through personal ownership or via a dominant position in any media related company or enterprise, media consumed by a large number of individuals.
Philanthropy means etymologically, the love of humanity, in the sense of caring, nourishing, developing, and enhancing what it means to be human.
Oprah Winfrey Show - Interview with James Frey by Fadhila Nur Kartika
She is best known for her talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show, which was the highest-rated television program of its kind in history and was nationally syndicated from 1986 to 2011.
The Oprah Winfrey Show, often referred to simply as Oprah, is an American syndicated tabloid talk show that aired nationally for 25 seasons from September 8, 1986 to May 25, 2011 in Chicago, Illinois.
A talk show or chat show is a television programming or radio programming genre in which one person discusses various topics put forth by a talk show host.
Oprah Winfrey on Career, Life and Leadership by Stanford Graduate School of Business
Dubbed the "Queen of All Media", she has been ranked the richest African-American of the 20th century, the greatest black philanthropist in American history, and is currently North America's first and only multi-billionaire black person.
Several assessments rank her as the most influential woman in the world.
In 2013, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama and honorary doctorate degrees from Duke and Harvard.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, established in 1636, whose history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most prestigious universities.
The Presidential Medal of Freedom is an award bestowed by the President of the United States and is—along with the comparable Congressional Gold Medal—the highest civilian award of the United States.
Barack Hussein Obama II is an American politician who is the 44th and current President of the United States.
Winfrey was born into poverty in rural Mississippi to a teenage single mother and later raised in an inner-city Milwaukee neighborhood.
Mississippi is a state located in the southern region of the United States, with part of its southern border formed by the Gulf of Mexico.
Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and the fifth-largest city in the Midwestern United States.
She has stated that she was molested during her childhood and early teens and became pregnant at 14; her son died in infancy.
Sent to live with the man she calls her father, a barber in Tennessee, Winfrey landed a job in radio while still in high school and began co-anchoring the local evening news at the age of 19.
Her emotional ad-lib delivery eventually got her transferred to the daytime-talk-show arena, and after boosting a third-rated local Chicago talk show to first place, she launched her own production company and became internationally syndicated.
Credited with creating a more intimate confessional form of media communication, she is thought to have popularized and revolutionized the tabloid talk show genre pioneered by Phil Donahue, which a Yale study says broke 20th-century taboos and allowed LGBT people to enter the mainstream.
Phillip John "Phil" Donahue is an American media personality, writer, and film producer best known as the creator and host of The Phil Donahue Show.
A tabloid talk show is a subgenre of the talk show genre which emphasizes controversial and sensationalistic topical subject matter.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
By the mid-1990s, she had reinvented her show with a focus on literature, self-improvement, and spirituality.
Though criticized for unleashing a confession culture, promoting controversial self-help ideas, and an emotion-centered approach, she is often praised for overcoming adversity to become a benefactor to others.
Self-help or self-improvement is a self-guided improvement—economically, intellectually, or emotionally—often with a substantial psychological basis.
From 2006 to 2008, Oprah Winfrey's endorsement of Barack Obama, by one estimate, delivered over a million votes in the close 2008 Democratic primary race.
Oprah Winfrey’s endorsement of Barack Obama was one of the most widely covered and studied developments of the 2008 presidential campaign.
One million or one thousand thousand is the natural number following 999,999 and preceding 1,000,001.