Opioid overdose is an acute condition due to excessive opioids.
Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects.
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Examples of opioids are: morphine, heroin, tramadol, oxycodone, and methadone.
Methadone, sold under the brand names Dolophine among others, is an opioid used to treat pain and as maintenance therapy or to help with detoxification in people with opioid dependence.
Oxycodone is a semisynthetic opioid synthesized from thebaine, an opioid alkaloid found in the Persian poppy, and one of the many alkaloids found in the opium poppy.
Tramadol, sold under the brandname Ultram among others, is an opioid pain medication used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain.
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It differs from opioid dependency.
An opioid use disorder is a medical condition that is characterized by the compulsive use of opioids despite adverse consequences from continued use and the development of a withdrawal syndrome when opioid use stops.
Although opioid overdose does not constitute a majority of the overdoses seen in the emergency department it is important to rule out in people given its potential for mortality and the ease of reversal.
Dependence on prescription opioids can stem from treatment of chronic pain and in recent years is the cause of the increased number of opioid overdoses.
Initial treatment involves supporting the persons breathing and providing oxygen.
Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
Naloxone is then recommended among those who are not breathing.
Naloxone, sold under the brandname Narcan among others, is a medication used to block the effects of opioids, especially in overdose.
Prescription opioid overdose was responsible for more deaths in the United States from 1999-2008 than heroin and cocaine overdose combined.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.