the One-China Policy


The One-China policy refers to the policy or view that there is only one state called "China", despite the existence of two governments that claim to be "China".

China, officially the People's Republic of China, is a sovereign state in East Asia.

Understanding the One China Policy by twclarify


As a policy, this means that countries seeking diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China must break official relations with the Republic of China and vice versa.

Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting negotiations between representatives of states.

Taiwan vs. China, the One China Policy | China Uncensored by China Uncensored


The One China policy is also different from the "One China principle", which is the principle that insists both Taiwan and mainland China are inalienable parts of a single "China".


A modified form of the "One China" principle known as the "1992 Consensus" is the current policy of the PRC government, and at times, the policy of the ROC government, depending on which major political party is in power.

The "1992 Consensus" or "Consensus of 1992" is a political term referring to the outcome of a meeting in 1992 between the semi-official representatives of the People's Republic of China in mainland China and the Republic of China in Taiwan.


Under this "consensus", both governments "agree" that there is only one sovereign state encompassing both mainland China and Taiwan, but disagree about which of the two governments is the legitimate government of this state.


An analogous situation exists with Korea.

Korea is a historical state in Northeast Asia, since 1945 divided into two distinct sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.


The One-China principle faces opposition from supporters of the Taiwan independence movement, which pushes to establish the "Republic of Taiwan" and cultivate a separate identity apart from China called "Taiwanization".

Taiwanization or Taiwanisation, also known as the Taiwanese localization movement, is a conceptual term used in Taiwan to emphasize the importance of a Taiwanese culture, society, economy, and nationality, rather than to regard Taiwan as solely an appendage of China.

Taiwan independence movement is a political movement whose goals for independence have arisen from international law in relation to the 1952 Treaty of San Francisco.


Taiwanization's influence on the government of the ROC has caused instability: after the Communist Party of China expelled the ROC in the Chinese Civil War from most of Chinese territory in 1949 and founded the PRC, the ROC's Chinese Nationalist government, which still held Taiwan, continued to claim legitimacy as the government of all of China.

The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between forces loyal to the Kuomintang -led government of the Republic of China, and forces loyal to the Communist Party of China.


Under former President Lee Teng-hui, additional articles were appended to the ROC constitution in 1991 so that it applied effectively only to the Taiwan Area prior to national unification.

The Free area of the Republic of China is a legal and political description referring to the territories under the actual control by the government of the Republic of China, consisting of the island groups of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu and some minor islands.

Lee Teng-hui, sometimes called the "father of Taiwan's democracy", is a Taiwanese politician.


However, recent ROC President Ma Ying-jeou has re-asserted claims on mainland China as late as October 8, 2008.

Ma Ying-jeou is a Taiwanese politician who served as the President of the Republic of China from 2008 to 2016.

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