The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
An athlete or sportsman or sportswoman is a person who is good at a sport and competes in one or more sports that involve physical strength, speed or endurance.
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The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating.
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The Olympic Games are held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart.
Their creation was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, Greece, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD.
Olympia, a sanctuary of ancient Greece in Elis on the Peloponnese peninsula, is known for having been the site of the Olympic Games in classical times.
The Olympic Games were a series of athletic competitions among representatives of city-states and one of the Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece.
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, also known since ancient times as Hellas, is a country located in southeastern Europe.
Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896.
Pierre de Coubertin was a French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee.
The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority.
The Olympic Charter is a set of rules and guidelines for the organisation of the Olympic Games, and for governing the Olympic movement.
The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games.
Some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Olympic Games for ice and winter sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with a disability, and the Youth Olympic Games for teenage athletes.
The Paralympic Games is a major international multi-sport event involving athletes with a range of disabilities, including impaired muscle power, impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency, leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, vision impairment and intellectual impairment.
Winter Games is a sports video game developed by Epyx, based on sports featured in the Winter Olympic Games.
The Olympic Winter Games is a major international sporting event that occurs once every four years.
The IOC has had to adapt to a variety of economic, political, and technological advancements.
The advent of the state-sponsored "full-time amateur athlete" of the Eastern Bloc countries further eroded the ideology of the pure amateur, as it put the self-financed amateurs of the Western countries at a disadvantage.
The Soviet Union entered teams of athletes who were all nominally students, soldiers, or working in a profession, but many of whom were in reality paid by the state to train on a full-time basis.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated to USSR, was a socialist state on the Eurasian continent that existed from 1922 to 1991.
As a result, the Olympics has shifted away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to allowing participation of professional athletes.
Professional sports, as opposed to amateur sports, are sports in which athletes receive payment for their performance.
The growing importance of mass media created the issue of corporate sponsorship and commercialisation of the Games.
World wars led to the cancellation of the 1916, 1940, and 1944 Games.
Large boycotts during the Cold War limited participation in the 1980 and 1984 Games.
The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc and powers in the Eastern Bloc.
Although a boycott led by the Soviet Union depleted the field in certain sports, 140 National Olympic Committees took part in the 1984 Olympics, which was a record at the time.
The Olympic Movement consists of international sports federations, National Olympic Committees, and organising committees for each specific Olympic Games.
As the decision-making body, the IOC is responsible for choosing the host city for each Games, and organises and funds the Games according to the Olympic Charter.
The IOC also determines the Olympic programme, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games.
There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies.
The Olympic symbols are icons, flags and symbols used by the International Olympic Committee to elevate the Olympic Games.