The Oakland Raiders are a professional American football franchise based in Oakland, California.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada, and also known as gridiron, is a sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
Oakland is a city in and the county seat of Alameda County, California, United States.
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The Raiders began playing in 1960 as a member club of the American Football League ; they have been a member club of the National Football League since the 1970 AFL–NFL merger.
The National Football League is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference and the American Football Conference.
The American Football League was a major professional American football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when it merged with the National Football League.
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The Raiders compete in the NFL as a member club of the American Football Conference West division; the team plays its home games at the Oakland Alameda Coliseum.
The Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, typically known as the Oakland Coliseum for short, is a multi-purpose stadium in Oakland, California, United States, which is home to both the Oakland Athletics of Major League Baseball and the Oakland Raiders of the National Football League.
As of the start of the team's 2015 season, the Raiders have an all-time regular season record of 444–397–11, with a playoff record of 25–18.
In the club's first three seasons, the team struggled both on and off the field.
In 1963, the Raiders appointed eventual owner/general manager Al Davis to the position of head coach.
Under Davis' guidance, the team's fortunes improved dramatically.
In 1967, the Raiders reached the postseason for the first time; they went on to win their first, and only, AFL title that year by beating the Houston Oilers in the Championship Game, but they were defeated by the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl II.
The second AFL-NFL World Championship Game in professional football, known retroactively as Super Bowl II, was played on January 14, 1968 at the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida.
The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League, the highest level of professional American football in the world.
The professional American football team now known as the Tennessee Titans previously played in Houston, Texas, from 1960 to 1996.
The Raiders' run of success grew during the 1970s; during this time, they won six division titles and played in six AFC championship games.
In 1976, the team captured its first championship by defeating the Minnesota Vikings in Super Bowl XI.
Super Bowl XI was an American football game between the American Football Conference champion Oakland Raiders and the National Football Conference champion Minnesota Vikings to decide the National Football League champion for the 1976 season.
In 1980, the Raiders unexpectedly won a second championship by defeating the Philadelphia Eagles in Super Bowl XV, at the time being the first NFL team to have ever done so as the wild card team in the playoffs.
XV or Xv may refer to:
Two years later, the franchise relocated to Los Angeles.
In 1983, they defeated the Washington Redskins in Super Bowl XVIII to capture their third and, to date, last championship.
18 is the natural number following 17 and preceding 19.
The Raiders' fortunes declined considerably following the 1985 season; they would win just one division title and two playoff games over their final nine seasons in Los Angeles.
In 1995, the team returned to Oakland.
In the late 1990s and early 2000s, the Raiders experienced a massive resurgence; their renaissance culminated with a 2002 loss to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in Super Bowl XXXVII.
Super Bowl XXXV was an American football game between the American Football Conference champion Baltimore Ravens and the National Football Conference champion New York Giants to decide the National Football League champion for the 2000 season.
The team has struggled significantly ever since that Super Bowl loss.
While the Raiders' fortunes somewhat improved in 2010 and 2011, they have neither reached the playoffs nor attained a winning record in 13 seasons.
They most recently finished 7–9 in 2015.
Today, the Raiders are known for their extensive fan base and distinctive team culture.