North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural terms.
North Korea Documentary national geographic 2016 by North Korea Documentary 2016
Pyongyang is the nation's capital and largest city.
North Korea Threatens US With Nuclear Attack by ABC News
To the north and northwest the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone separating the two.
A demilitarized zone, DMZ or DZ is an area in which treaties or agreements between nations, military powers or contending groups forbid military installations, activities or personnel.
The Yalu River, also called the Amnok River, is a river on the border between North Korea and China.
In 1910, Korea was annexed by the Empire of Japan.
After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones along the 38th parallel by the United States and the Soviet Union, with the north occupied by the Soviets and the south by the Americans.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated to USSR, was a socialist state on the Eurasian continent that existed from 1922 to 1991.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.
Negotiations on reunification failed, and in 1948, separate governments were formed: the socialist Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the north, and the capitalist Republic of Korea in the south.
An invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War.
The Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire, but no peace treaty was signed.
The Korean Armistice Agreement is the armistice which serves to insure a complete cessation of hostilities of the Korean War.
North Korea officially describes itself as a self-reliant socialist state and formally holds elections.
A socialist state or socialist republic refers to any state that is constitutionally dedicated to the establishment of socialism.
Critics regard it as a totalitarian dictatorship.
Totalitarianism is a political system in which the state recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible.
Various media outlets have called it Stalinist, particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family.
A cult of personality arises when an individual uses mass media, propaganda, or other methods to create an idealized, heroic, and at times worshipful image, often through unquestioning flattery and praise.
Kim Il-sung was the supreme leader of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, commonly referred to as North Korea, for 46 years, from its establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994.
Stalinism is the means of governing and related policies implemented by Joseph Stalin.
International organizations have assessed that human rights violations in North Korea have no parallel in the contemporary world.
Human rights are moral principles or norms, which describe certain standards of human behaviour, and are regularly protected as legal rights in municipal and international law.
The Workers' Party of Korea, led by a member of the ruling family, holds power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members.
The Workers' Party of Korea is the founding and ruling political party of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and the largest party represented in the Supreme People's Assembly.
The Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland, formed on 22 July 1946, is a North Korean united front led by the Workers' Party of Korea.
Juche, an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution as a "creative application of Marxism–Leninism" in 1972.
Juche, usually left untranslated, or translated as "self-reliance", is the official state ideology of North Korea, described by the government as Kim Il-sung's "original, brilliant and revolutionary contribution to national and international thought".
Marxism–Leninism is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of Marxism and Leninism, and seeks to establish socialist states and develop them further.
The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms.
In economics and sociology, the means of production are physical, non-human inputs used for the production of economic value, such as facilities, machinery, tools, infrastructural capital and natural capital.
Most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are subsidized or state-funded.
From 1994 to 1998, North Korea suffered a famine that resulted in the deaths of between 0.24 and 3.5 million people, and the country continues to struggle with food production.
A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including crop failure, population imbalance, or government policies.
North Korea follows Songun, or "military-first" policy.
Songun is the "military first" policy of North Korea, prioritizing the Korean People's Army in the affairs of state and allocation of resources.
It is the country with the highest number of military and paramilitary personnel, with a total of 9,495,000 active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel.
Its active duty army of 1.21 million is the fourth largest in the world, after China, the United States and India.