Nicolás Maduro Moros is a Venezuelan politician who has been the President of Venezuela since assuming office in 2013.
The President of Venezuela, officially known as the President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and also commonly called President of the Republic is the elected head of state and head of government in Venezuela's presidential system.
Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government.
Nicolas Maduro threatens Venezuelans before elections - December 2015 by Venezuela Contigo
Previously he served under President Hugo Chávez as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2006 to 2013 and as Vice President of Venezuela from 2012 to 2013.
A vice president is an officer in government or business who is below a president in rank.
Nicolas Maduro "Chupalo" En Cadena Nacional by Kaiser Neting
A former bus driver, Maduro rose to become a trade union leader, before being elected to the National Assembly in 2000.
A trade union, labour union, or labor union is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, achieving higher pay and benefits such as health care and retirement, increasing the number of employees an employer assigns to complete the work, and better working conditions.
He was appointed to a number of positions within the Venezuelan Government under Chávez, ultimately being made Foreign Minister in 2006.
He was described during this time as the "most capable administrator and politician of Chávez's inner circle".
After Chávez's death was announced on 5 March 2013, Maduro assumed the powers and responsibilities of the president.
A special election was held on 14 April 2013 to elect a new president, and Nicolas Maduro won with 50.62% of the votes as the candidate of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela.
The United Socialist Party of Venezuela is a socialist political party in Venezuela which resulted from the fusion of some of the political and social forces that support the Bolivarian Revolution led by the late President Hugo Chávez.
Socialist Party is the name of many different political parties around the world.
He was formally inaugurated on 19 April.
Since being elected president, Maduro has ruled Venezuela by decree since 19 November 2013 As a result of Chávez's policies and Maduro's continuation of them, Venezuela's socioeconomic status declined, with crime, inflation, poverty and hunger increasing.
Shortages in Venezuela and decreased living standards resulted in protests beginning in 2014 that escalated into daily riots nationwide by 2016, with Maduro's popularity suffering.
Shortages in Venezuela have been prevalent following the enactment of price controls and other policies during the economic policy of the Hugo Chávez government.
The loss of popularity saw the election of an opposition-led National Assembly in 2015 and a movement toward recalling Maduro in 2016, though Maduro still maintains power through loyal political bodies, such as the Supreme Court and electoral authority, as well as the military.
Maduro, like Chávez, has been accused of authoritarian leadership with conventional media describing him as a dictator, especially following the suspension of the recall movement that was directed towards him.
Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.
A dictator is a ruler who wields absolute authority.