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11 Facts About Nicaragua

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1

Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus.

Central America is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.

An isthmus is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water by which they are otherwise separated.

Costa Rica (4) vs. Nicaragua (0) - Gold Cup 2019 by Concacaf

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2

Nicaragua's capital, Managua, is the country's largest city and the third-largest city in Central America.

Managua is the capital and largest city of Nicaragua, and the center of an eponymous department.

HIGHLIGHTS: Argentina vs Nicaragua by beIN SPORTS USA

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3

The multi-ethnic population of six million includes indigenous peoples, Europeans, Africans, and Asians.

Indigenous peoples, also known as First peoples, Aboriginal peoples or Native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the original settlers of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

Europe is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

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4

The main language is Spanish.

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5

Native tribes on the eastern coast speak their own languages.

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The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century.

The Spanish Empire was one of the largest empires in the world and became one of the first global empires in world history.

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7

Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821.

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a sovereign state largely located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, with archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea, and several small territories on and near the North African coast.

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8

Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, and fiscal crisis—the most notable causes that led to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s.

The Nicaraguan Revolution encompassed the rising opposition to the Somoza dictatorship in the 1960s and 1970s, the campaign led by the Sandinista National Liberation Front to violently oust the dictatorship in 1978-79, the subsequent efforts of the FSLN to govern Nicaragua from 1979 until 1990 and the Contra War which was waged between the FSLN and the Contras from 1981-1990.

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9

Nicaragua is a representative democratic republic.

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10

The mixture of cultural traditions has generated substantial diversity in art and literature, particularly the latter given the literary contributions of Nicaraguan poets and writers, including Rubén Darío, Pablo Antonio Cuadra and Ernesto Cardenal.

Félix Rubén García Sarmiento, known as Rubén Darío, was a Nicaraguan poet who initiated the Spanish-American literary movement known as modernismo that flourished at the end of the 19th century.

Pablo Antonio Cuadra was a Nicaraguan essayist, art and literary critic, playwright, graphic artist and one of the most famous poets of Nicaragua.

Ernesto Cardenal MartĂ­nez is a Nicaraguan Catholic priest, poet, and politician.

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11

The biological diversity, warm tropical climate and active volcanoes make Nicaragua an increasingly popular tourist destination.

A tourist attraction is a place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or an exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure and amusement.

A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.

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