Newton Leroy "Newt" Gingrich is an American political consultant, politician, businessman, historian, writer and Republican leader.
Newt Gingrich: Debate Master (Part 1) by DarcPrynce
He represented Georgia's 6th congressional district as a Republican from 1979 until his resignation in 1999, and served as the 50th Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999.
Newt Gingrich destroys Megyn Kelly on judiciary power by cahillm2
In the 1970s, Gingrich taught history and geography at the University of West Georgia.
The University of West Georgia is a comprehensive doctoral-granting university in Carrollton, Georgia, approximately 45 miles west of Atlanta, Georgia.
During this period he ran twice for the United States House of Representatives before winning in November 1978.
The United States of America, commonly referred to as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the United States Congress alongside the Senate.
He served as House Minority Whip from 1989 to 1995.
Party leaders and whips of the United States House of Representatives, also known as floor leaders, are elected by their respective parties in a closed-door caucus by secret ballot.
A co-author and architect of the "Contract with America", Gingrich was a major leader in the Republican victory in the 1994 congressional election.
The Contract with America was a document released by the United States Republican Party during the 1994 Congressional election campaign.
In 1995, Time named him "Man of the Year" for "his role in ending the four-decades-long Democratic majority in the House".
While he was House Speaker, the House enacted welfare reform, passed a capital gains tax cut in 1997, and in 1998 passed the first balanced budget since 1969.
A balanced budget refers to a budget in which revenues are equal to expenditures.
Welfare reforms are changes in the operation of a given welfare system.
In spite of these triumphs, the poor showing by Republicans in the 1998 Congressional elections, a reprimand from the House for Gingrich's ethics violation, and pressure from Republican colleagues caused Gingrich's resignation from the speakership on November 6, 1998, followed by his outright resignation from the House on January 3, 1999.
Since leaving the House, Gingrich has remained active in public policy debates and worked as a political consultant.
He founded and chaired several policy think tanks, including American Solutions for Winning the Future and the Center for Health Transformation.
Center for Health Transformation is a member and partner based professional services organization that focuses on issues affecting the quality, cost, access and delivery of healthcare in the legislative and regulatory environment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in which multi-hospital healthcare organizations currently operate.
American Solutions for Winning the Future was a 527 organization created by former Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Newt Gingrich for the stated purpose of engaging citizens and elected officials in a dialogue intended to propose solutions to problems affecting American society.
A think tank or policy institute, research institute, etc. is an organization that performs research and advocacy concerning topics such as social policy, political strategy, economics, military, technology, and culture.
He has written or co-authored 27 books.
In May 2011, he announced his unsuccessful campaign for the Republican presidential nomination.
On May 2, 2012, Gingrich ended his presidential campaign and endorsed then-front-runner Mitt Romney, who went on to win the nomination.
Willard Mitt Romney, better known as Mitt Romney, is an American businessman and politician who served as the 70th Governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007 and was the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 election.
After being raised Lutheran and spending most of his adult life as a Southern Baptist, Gingrich converted to Roman Catholicism in 2009.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther, a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Catholicism is a term which in its broadest sense refers to the beliefs and practices of Christian denominations that describe themselves as catholic.
The Southern Baptist Convention is a Christian denomination based in the United States.
He has been married three times, with the first two marriages ending in affairs and divorce.
He has two children from his first marriage and has been married to Callista Gingrich since 2000.
On July 12, 2016, it was announced that Gingrich was on Donald Trump's three-person shortlist to be the presumptive Republican nominee's running mate in the 2016 presidential election, along with New Jersey Governor Chris Christie and Indiana Governor Mike Pence.
Michael Richard "Mike" Pence is an American politician, attorney, and the 50th Governor of Indiana.
However, on July 15, 2016, Trump officially announced that Pence would be his running mate.